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Displaying news from April 01, 2008 To June 30, 2008

Information Update: June 27, 2008 Medical Tests Indicate Internal Contamination Due to June 9 Plutonium Incident
Release Date: June 27, 2008

BOULDER, Colo. – New results from sensitive medical tests indicate internal plutonium exposure in a small number of personnel at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) due to a … more

New Process Creates 3-D Nanostructures with Magnetic Materials
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Materials scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a process to build complex, three-dimensional nanoscale structures of magnetic materials such as … more

Commerce Secretary Gutierrez Announces Selection of 2008-2009 Commerce Science and Technology Fellows
Release Date: June 24, 2008

WASHINGTON-Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez today announced that 17 individuals have been selected to participate in the Commerce Science and Technology Fellowship (ComSci) Program. … more

2008-2009 Commerce Science and Technology Fellows Announced
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez today announced that 17 individuals have been selected to participate in the Commerce Science and Technology Fellowship (ComSci) Program. Established in 1964 … more

Information Update: June 24, 2008 Plutonium Discharge into Sink Below Federal and State Limits
Release Date: June 24, 2008

BOULDER, Colo. – Using detailed measurements made with the assistance of a National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) team, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has … more

Physicists Produce Quantum-Entangled Images
Release Date: June 24, 2008

In this photo montage of actual quantum images, two laser beams coming from the bright glare in the distance transmit images of a cat-like face at two slightly different frequencies … more

High Rise Fire Fighting—Effective Use of Positive Pressure Ventilation
Release Date: June 24, 2008

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) engineers recently released a two-disk DVD set that demonstrates how Positive Pressure Ventilation (PPV), a technique in which powerful fans … more

NIST Releases Preview of Much-Anticipated Online Mathematics Reference
Release Date: June 24, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a five-chapter preview of the much-anticipated online Digital Library of Mathematical Functions (DLMF). In development for … more

Standards Set for Energy-Conserving LED Lighting
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with national standards organizations, have taken the lead in developing the first two standards for … more

Oxygen Ions for Fuel Cells Get Loose at Low(er) Temperatures
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Seeking to understand a new fuel cell material, a research team working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in collaboration with the University of Liverpool, has … more

‘Electron Trapping’ May Impact Future Microelectronics Measurements
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Using an ultra-fast method of measuring how a transistor switches from the “off” to the “on” state, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently reported that … more

Exposing the Sensitivity of Extreme Ultraviolet Photoresists
Release Date: June 24, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have confirmed that the photoresists used in next-generation semiconductor manufacturing processes now under development are … more

NIST/NIH Micromagnets Show Promise as Colorful 'Smart Tags' for Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Release Date: June 18, 2008

Microscopic magnets (above left), designed and tested in a joint NIST/NIH project, might one day be injected into the body to add color and “smart tag” capability to magnetic resonance … more

Micromagnets Show Promise as Colorful 'Smart Tags' for MRI
Release Date: June 18, 2008

Microscopic magnets (above left), designed and tested in a joint NIST/NIH project, might one day be injected into the body to add color and “smart tag” capability to magnetic resonance … more

Information Update: June 17, 2008 NIST Finds Radiation Contamination in Lab Sink
Release Date: June 17, 2008

Boulder, Colo. – Re-entering the sealed laboratory room where a small plutonium spill occurred on June 9, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) radiation safety experts have found … more

Information Update: Additional Trace Contamination Found in NIST-Boulder Lab
Release Date: June 13, 2008

Boulder, Colo.-- Additional trace amounts of contamination have been found in the office and a nearby stairway used by a laboratory researcher originally exposed in an incident June 9 involving a … more

Physicists Produce Quantum-Entangled Images -- Convenient, Versatile Technique Could Provide New Tool for Quantum Information, Better Optical Measurements
Release Date: June 12, 2008

In this photo montage of actual quantum images, two laser beams coming from the bright glare in the distance transmit images of a cat-like face at two slightly different frequencies … more

NIST Advisory Group Welcomes Three New Members
Release Date: June 10, 2008

James M. Turner, deputy director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has named three distinguished experts from industry and academia to serve on the Visiting Committee on … more

NIST Chemists Get Scoop on Crude 'Oil' from Pig Manure
Release Date: June 10, 2008

After a close examination of crude oil made from pig manure, chemists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are certain about a number of things. Most obviously, “This stuff … more

Low-Level Plutonium Sample Involved in NIST-Boulder Lab Incident
Release Date: June 10, 2008

Boulder, Colo.- On Monday afternoon, June 9, researchers in a laboratory room at the Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) campus in Boulder, Colorado … more

Everything You Want To Know About SI (But Were Afraid to Ask)
Release Date: June 10, 2008

Relax, even scientists can sometimes use help when making conversions and measurements with the modern metric system, the International System of Units (known as SI from the French “Le Systeme … more

Eighty-Five Take First Step Toward 2008 Baldrige Award
Release Date: June 10, 2008

Eighty-five organizations—the highest number of applicants since 1992—are in the running for the 2008 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the nation’s highest recognition for excellence. … more

Research Measures Movement of Nanomaterials in Simple Model Food Chain
Release Date: June 10, 2008

New research* shows that while engineered nanomaterials can be transferred up the lowest levels of the food chain from single-cell organisms to higher multicelled ones, the amount transferred was … more

NIST’s Novel ‘Noise Thermometry’ May Help Redefine International Unit of Temperature
Release Date: June 10, 2008

After seven years of work, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have built a system that relies on the “noise” of jiggling electrons as a basis for measuring … more

Tests Check Out Rescue Robots' Life-Saving Vision
Release Date: June 10, 2008

To save lives, search and rescue robots crawling through the rubble of a collapsed building or surveying a chemical spill area must be capable of beaming back clear, easily interpretable images of … more

‘Nanoglassblowing’ Seen as Boon to Study of Individual Molecules
Release Date: June 10, 2008

While the results may not rival the artistry of glassblowers in Europe and Latin America, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Cornell University have found … more

Microwave Synthesis Connects With the (Quantum) Dots
Release Date: June 10, 2008

Materials researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a simplified, low-cost process for producing high-quality, water-soluble "quantum dots" for … more

Novel Laser Attenuator
Release Date: June 2, 2008

A laser attenuator having a well-known and stable attenuation can extend the usefulness of an optical power meter for laser radiometry. The challenge of building attenuators for high-power laser … more

Grant Proposals Sought for Construction of Science Research Buildings
Release Date: May 28, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) seeks grant proposals for the construction of science research buildings from institutions of higher education and nonprofit organizations. … more

Learn About 'NIST and Nanosoccer' from New Web Site and Video
Release Date: May 28, 2008

If you love soccer but don’t want to wait until the next World Cup in 2010 to satisfy your appetite for the most popular game on Earth, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has … more

NIST Staff Honored for Technology Transfer
Release Date: May 28, 2008

John Lehman, Chris Cromer and Xiaoyu Li of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have received a 2008 Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer from the Federal Laboratory … more

Text Retrieval Trials Focus on Searching Blogs and Legal Documents
Release Date: May 28, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is seeking participants for its next Text Retrieval Conference—TREC 2008. TREC is an annual evaluation campaign that provides the … more

Word/Logic Bank to Help Build ‘Thinking’ Machines
Release Date: May 28, 2008

Information scientists announced an agreement last month on a “concept bank” programmers could use to build thinking machines that reason about complex problems at the frontiers of knowledge—from … more

Two for One: NIST Design Enables More Cost Effective Quantum Key Distribution
Release Date: May 28, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a simpler and potentially lower-cost method for distributing strings of digits, or “keys,” for use in … more

A Molecular 'Salve' to Sooth Surface Stresses
Release Date: May 28, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have shown for the first time that a single layer of molecular “salve” can significantly soothe the stresses affecting clean … more

New Iron-based and Copper-Oxide High-Temperature Superconductors Share Key Magnetic Properties
Release Date: May 28, 2008

The magnetic structure of the new iron-based superconductors was determined at the thermal triple-axis spectrometer at the NIST Center for Neutron Research. Physicists Jeff Lynn and Ying … more

New Iron-based Superconductors Reinforce Link to Magnetism
Release Date: May 28, 2008

The magnetic structure of the new iron-based superconductors was determined at the thermal triple-axis spectrometer at the NIST Center for Neutron Research. Physicists Jeff Lynn and Ying … more

Spin Control: New Technique Sorts Nanotubes by Length
Release Date: May 13, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have reported* a new technique to sort batches of carbon nanotubes by length using high-speed centrifuges. Many potential … more

Record-setting Laser May Aid Searches for Earthlike Planets
Release Date: May 13, 2008

Scientists at the University of Konstanz (Germany) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated an ultrafast laser that offers a record combination of high speed, … more

Improved Ion Mobility Is Key to New Hydrogen Storage Compound
Release Date: May 13, 2008

A materials scientist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has deciphered the structure of a new class of materials that can store relatively large quantities of hydrogen … more

Emergency Links: NIST Identifies ‘Sweet Spot’ for Radios in Tunnels
Release Date: May 13, 2008

As part of a project to improve wireless communications for emergency responders, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have confirmed that underground … more

NIST Tool Helps Internet Master Top-level Domains
Release Date: May 13, 2008

At the request of a worldwide Internet organization, a computer scientist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed an algorithm that may guide applicants in proposing … more

Bitter Orange SRMs: Tools for Product Analysis/Quality
Release Date: May 13, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) for bitter orange, long used in folk medicine and now increasingly used in herbal … more

Public Invited to See Nanosoccer Robots in Action in Pittsburgh
Release Date: May 13, 2008

Nanosoccer returns to the field later this month, when the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) hosts for the second time the world’s most Lilliputian sport. Three student teams … more

Disorder Enables Extreme Sensitivity in Piezoelectric Materials
Release Date: May 13, 2008

A research team working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has found an explanation for the extreme sensitivity to mechanical pressure or voltage of a special class of … more

NIST Offers U.S. Interpretations of Recent SI (Metric) Changes
Release Date: May 13, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued a new American version of the English language SI Brochure, the eighth edition of the international standard reference guide to … more

CNST News Article - Cooperative Agreement
Release Date: May 1, 2008

 The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) today with the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) of the … more

Two New Honors for NIST Physicists
Release Date: April 29, 2008

David Wineland, physicist and fellow of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), is a 2008 recipient of a Bonfils-Stanton Foundation Award, given annually by a private, nonprofit … more

High-Flying Electrons May Provide New Test of Quantum Theory
Release Date: April 29, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Max Planck Institute for Physics in Germany believe they can achieve a significant increase in the accuracy of one of … more

Making a Good Impression: Nanoimprint Lithography Tests at NIST
Release Date: April 29, 2008

In what should be good news for integrated circuit manufacturers, recent studies by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have helped resolve two important questions about an … more

New 3-D Test Method for Biomaterials ‘Flat Out’ Faster
Release Date: April 29, 2008

A novel, three-dimensional (3-D) screening method for analyzing interactions between cells and new biomaterials could cut initial search times by more than half, researchers from the National … more

Award Recognizes Work of NIST Information Services Group
Release Date: April 29, 2008

The NIST Information Services Division received a 2007 Silver Maryland Quality Award on Monday, April 7, 2008 at the University of Maryland in College Park. The NIST division was one of three … more

NIST Signs Cooperative Agreement with U-Albany Nano College
Release Date: April 29, 2008

On April 21, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) of the University at … more

NIST World Metrology Day Forum Focuses on Anti-Doping Advances
Release Date: April 29, 2008

Thomas Hicks won the 1904 Olympic Games marathon in St. Louis, Mo., with a little help from his friends—two doses of strychnine, raw eggs and a brandy chaser, administered during the race! Times … more

Prototype Terahertz Imager Promises Biochem Advances
Release Date: April 15, 2008

The NIST terahertz imaging system reveals slight temperature differences, as shown in this post-processed image. The color scale ranges from blue indicating 301 K or 28.75 degrees C, to … more

‘Nanodrop’ Test Tubes Created with a Flip of a Switch
Release Date: April 15, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a new device that creates nanodroplet “test tubes” for studying individual proteins under conditions that … more

Carbon Nanotube Measurements: Latest in NIST ‘How-To’ Series
Release Date: April 15, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in collaboration with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), has published detailed guidelines* for making essential … more

NIST, Army Researchers Pave the Way for Anthrax Spore Standards
Release Date: April 15, 2008

Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the U.S. Army Dugway (Utah) Proving Ground have developed reliable methods based on DNA analysis to assess the … more

NIST Micro Sensor and Micro Fridge Make Cool Pair
Release Date: April 15, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have combined two tiny but powerful NIST inventions on a single microchip, a cryogenic sensor and a microrefrigerator. The … more

Metal Detectives: New Book Details Titanic Investigation
Release Date: April 15, 2008

In February 1998, Timothy Foecke, a metallurgist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), published a rather low-key “interagency report” that cast a new and intriguing light … more

Technology Grants Program to Offer Webcast Series
Release Date: April 15, 2008

The new Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology is launching a series of webcasts to inform interested parties about the new grants program … more

Comments Requested on Risk Management Publication
Release Date: April 15, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released the second public draft of NIST Special Publication 800-39, Managing Risk from Information Systems: An Organizational … more

Comments Requested on Draft Earthquake Hazards Plan
Release Date: April 15, 2008

Earthquakes cannot be prevented, but their impacts on life, property and the economy can and should be managed. That’s the challenge that Congress has given the National Earthquake Hazards … more

Showcase - NIST Presents Its Nano Technologies
Release Date: April 10, 2008

On Tuesday, April 8, 2008, NIST presented some of its novel technologies developed at the NIST Labs in the nanoelectronics, nanofabrication, and nanometrology technologies. Slides and videos of the … more

Innovative Nanotechnologies Available for Commercialization Showcased by the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Release Date: April 8, 2008

GAITHERSBURG, Md. – More than 200 entrepreneurs and business executives learned today how they can capitalize on cutting-edge nanotechnologies developed in the research facilities at the National … more

Bon MOT: Innovative Atom Trap Catches Highly Magnetic Atoms
Release Date: April 1, 2008

A research team from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland has succeeded in cooling atoms of a rare-earth element, erbium, to within two … more

NIST Third Interoperability Week April 28-May 2
Release Date: April 1, 2008

For manufacturing engineers and linguists “interoperability” and “ontology” go together like horse and carriage—“you can’t have one without the other.” The matchup will be evident at the Third … more

New Report Outlines Research Roadmap for Biomanufacturing
Release Date: April 1, 2008

On-line process tools, improved sensor calibration and analytical and data analysis methods are among the technological challenges facing the biomanufacturing industry over the next 10 years to … more

Michael D. Schroeder to Receive NIST/NSA Security Award
Release Date: April 1, 2008

Michael D. Schroeder, a pioneer researcher in computer security, will be presented with the 2008 National Computer Systems Security Award by the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

New NIST Publication Recommends Best Fits Between Federal ‘Locks’ and ‘Keys’
Release Date: April 1, 2008

Federal agencies have begun issuing a secure form of government-wide ID known as the Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card, mandated in 2004 by Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 … more

Software Tackles Production Line Machine ‘Cyclic Jitters’
Release Date: April 1, 2008

Electronic commands passed from machine to machine over data networks increasingly drive today’s precisely timed and sequenced manufacturing production lines. However timing irregularities in the … more

NIST Shows On-card Fingerprint Match Is Secure, Speedy
Release Date: April 1, 2008

A fingerprint identification technology for use in Personal Identification Verification (PIV) cards that offers improved protection from identity theft meets the standardized accuracy criteria for … more

More Solid than Solid: A Potential Hydrogen-Storage Compound
Release Date: April 1, 2008

One of the key engineering challenges to building a clean, efficient, hydrogen-powered car is how to design the fuel tank. Storing enough raw hydrogen for a reasonable driving range would require … more