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Displaying news from October 01, 2011 To December 31, 2011

NIST Research/Collaboration Efforts Key to Innovation and Economic Growth
Release Date: December 30, 2011

Innovation drives economic growth and creates skilled, high-wage jobs. To maintain a high standard of living for its citizens, the United States must continue to produce new, high quality products … more

CNST Collaboration Resolves Century-Long Debate Over How to Describe Electromagnetic Momentum Density in Matter
Release Date: December 28, 2011

Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology and the University of British Columbia have shown that the interaction between a light pulse and a light-absorbing object, … more

NIST Sensor Improvement Brings Analysis Method into Mainstream
Release Date: December 20, 2011

An advance in sensor design* by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Waterloo's Institute of Quantum Computing (IQC) could unshackle a … more

Prototype NIST Device Measures Absolute Optical Power in Fiber at Nanowatt Levels
Release Date: December 20, 2011

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a prototype device capable of absolute measurements of optical power delivered through an optical … more

NIST Releases First Certified Reference Material for Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
Release Date: December 20, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued the world’s first reference material for single-wall carbon nanotube soot. Distantly related to the soot in your fireplace or in … more

Protecting Computers at Start-Up: New NIST Guidelines
Release Date: December 20, 2011

A new draft computer security publication from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides guidance for vendors and security professionals as they work to protect personal … more

Partners Offer Performance Excellence Help for Small Businesses
Release Date: December 20, 2011

A new collaboration between the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program (BPEP), the Alliance for Performance Excellence and The Alternative Board (TAB) will provide resources and training for small … more

Summer Undergraduate Research Opportunities at NIST
Release Date: December 20, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is now accepting applications for the 2012 Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowships (SURF) programs at its Gaithersburg, Md., and Boulder, … more

National Program Office for the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Established at NIST
Release Date: December 19, 2011

Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Director Patrick Gallagher today announced establishment of a National Program … more

Responses to NIST Federal Register Request for Information on How to Structure Proposed New Program: Advanced Manufacturing Technology Consortia (AMTech)
Release Date: December 16, 2011

On July 22, 2011, NIST published a Request for Information (RFI) in the Federal Register inviting opinions from the public on how to structure a proposed new program: Advanced Manufacturing … more

Commerce Secretary John Bryson Lays Out Vision for Department of Commerce
Release Date: December 15, 2011

At U.S. Chamber of Commerce, former chairman and CEO outlines priorities to create jobs: Build it here, sell it everywhere U.S. Commerce Secretary John Bryson today laid out his vision for how the … more

CNST Collaboration Demonstrates Nanoscale Focused Ion Beam Employing Laser-Cooled Lithium Atoms
Release Date: December 14, 2011

A team of researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology and FEI Company have adapted a commercial focused ion beam (FIB) column to use photoionized laser-cooled lithium … more

NIST Announces Broad Call for Research Grant Proposals in Science and Engineering
Release Date: December 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced that it is accepting proposals for funding for a broad range of potential research projects and related activities that … more

NIST Special Publication Expands Government Authentication Options
Release Date: December 13, 2011

A newly revised publication from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) expands the options for government agencies that need to verify the identity of users of their Web-based … more

UV Lithography: Going to Extremes
Release Date: December 9, 2011

Contamination forms on a clean multi-layer surface (top) when EUV photons react (middle) with gases, resulting in carbonaceous deposits (bottom). Photos: SEMATECH Sometime soon, … more

PML Researchers Create Tool for 'Circuit-Aware' Reliability Testing
Release Date: December 9, 2011

High-speed, amplified probe tip used to collect reliability data in the NIST Advanced Device Characterization and Reliability laboratory. Many transistor reliability problems require … more

Atoms Dressed with Light Show New Interactions, Could Reveal Way to Observe Enigmatic Particle
Release Date: December 8, 2011

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have found a way to manipulate atoms’ internal states with lasers that dramatically influences their interactions in specific … more

National Institute of Standards and Technology Recognizes Staff
Release Date: December 7, 2011

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—Employees of the Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were recognized in an awards ceremony Dec. 7 at NIST's Gaithersburg campus. Under … more

International Collaboration Reveals Magnetization Textures in NiPd Nanostructures
Release Date: December 7, 2011

An international collaboration, including researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, has used scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) to acquire … more

NIST FY 2012 Budget Signed Into Law
Release Date: December 6, 2011

On Nov. 18, 2011, President Obama signed into law the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-55), which provides FY 2012 funding for a number of government … more

Study Finds Failure Points in Firefighter Protective Equipment
Release Date: December 6, 2011

In fire experiments conducted in uniformly furnished, but vacant Chicago-area townhouses, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers uncovered temperature and heat-flow … more

New NIST Web Site Features Fire Safety for the Holidays
Release Date: December 6, 2011

Fire researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) remind us that proper care of a cut Christmas tree is important to retaining high moisture content in the tree’s … more

Elusive Ultrafine Indoor Air Contaminants Yield to NIST Analysis
Release Date: December 6, 2011

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) spent 75 days on the job carrying out some very important homework—measurements in a "typical dwelling" of the release, … more

New NIST Biometric Data Standard Adds DNA, Footmarks and Enhanced Fingerprint Descriptions
Release Date: December 6, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published a revised biometric standard in November, 2011, that vastly expands the type and amount of information that forensic scientists … more

NIST Requests Funding Proposals for Projects in Precision Measurement
Release Date: December 6, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is soliciting proposals for the next round of funding in its long-running Precision Measurement Grant Program (PMGP). The program provides … more

Two at NIST Are Named IEEE Fellows for 2011
Release Date: December 6, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)'s George Arnold and John Suehle have been named fellows of the IEEE, one of the world's major professional organizations dedicated to the … more

Powerful NIST Detectors on Hawaiian Telescope to Probe Origins of Stars, Planets and Galaxies
Release Date: December 6, 2011

The world’s largest submillimeter camera—based on superconducting technology designed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)—is now ready to scan the universe, including faint … more

NCNR Offers Financial Assistance for Neutron Science Research
Release Date: November 30, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is soliciting proposals for multiyear financial assistance awards to support research and development at the NIST Center for Neutron … more

CNST Collaboration Tunes Viscous Drag on Superhydrophobic Surfaces
Release Date: November 30, 2011

By measuring the motion of a vibrating, porous membrane separating water and air, researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, the NIST Physical Measurement Laboratory, … more

Healthcare IT LAP Announcement
Release Date: November 29, 2011

The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) announces the release of NIST Handbook 150-31, Healthcare Information Technology Testing. This handbook supports the program-specific … more

Bright Future for GaN Nanowires
Release Date: November 25, 2011

Optically pumped GaN nanowire laser shown glowing orange. The actual laser output is UV (˜370 nm) and invisible to the unaided eye. The length of the lasing nanowire is roughly 10 … more

Four Organizations Win 2011 Baldrige National Quality Award
Release Date: November 22, 2011

U.S. Commerce Secretary John Bryson today named four organizations—three health care operations and one nonprofit business—as recipients of the 2011 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the … more

NIST Improves Tool for Hardening Software Against Cyber Attack
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Computer scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have dramatically enlarged a database designed to improve applications that help programmers find weaknesses in … more

New HIPAA Tool Helps Organizations Meet Security Requirements
Release Date: November 22, 2011

A new tool, developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and offered for free, can help public and private organizations, large and small, to understand and implement the … more

Tiny Levers, Big Moves in Piezoelectric Sensors
Release Date: November 22, 2011

A team of university researchers, aided by scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), have succeeded in integrating a new, highly efficient piezoelectric material into … more

NIST and Partners Seek Input on Safer Ambulance Designs
Release Date: November 22, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is seeking input from paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and other interested parties on the development of new design … more

Tags? We're It. NIST Opens New 'Biolabeling' Research Facility
Release Date: November 22, 2011

With the recent opening of its new Biomolecular Labeling Laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has become one of a small handful of facilities in the world that … more

New Magnetic-Field-Sensitive Alloy Could Find Use in Novel Micromechanical Devices
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Led by a group at the University of Maryland (UMd), a multi-institution team of researchers has combined modern materials research and an age-old metallurgy technique to produce an alloy that could … more

NIST Posts Comments on Public Safety Communications Network
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Commercial standards, created in an open forum and publically available, should be a key feature of a broadband communications network for the nation's emergency services, according to public … more

Romine Named Director of NIST's Information Technology Laboratory
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Charles H. Romine, new director of the NIST Information Technology Laboratory. Credit: NIST View hi-resolution image Charles (Chuck) H. Romine became director of the Information … more

Original NIST Campus in D.C. Designated 'Physics Historic Site'
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Page 90 of Ernest Ambler's laboratory notebook recording the historic parity conservation experiment on December 27, 1956. Credit: NIST View hi-resolution image The American Physical … more

Four U.S. Organizations Honored with the 2011 Baldrige National Quality Award
Release Date: November 22, 2011

Additional Contact: Michael E. Newman 301-975-3025 First Year with Three Health Care Recipients WASHINGTON, D.C.—U.S. Commerce Secretary John Bryson today named four organizations—three health … more

CNST Collaboration Controls Thermal Fluctuations with Spin Current
Release Date: November 16, 2011

A team of researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, the University of Muenster, and West Virginia University have demonstrated control of magnetic thermal fluctuations … more

Adding Up Photons with a TES
Release Date: November 14, 2011

At the center of this micrograph, the TES is the orange-and-green square between two bright gold electrodes. Its dimensions are 25 X 25 µm. Credit: NIST/PML Read More About PML at … more

NBS Physics Site Honored
Release Date: November 14, 2011

At the event. (l-r): Katharine Gebbie (PML), Allen Sessoms (UDC), and Kate Kirby (APS). Photo credit: Michael Lucibella/APS News.  The American Physical Society (APS) has named the … more

NIST’s John Cahn Receives Kyoto Prize
Release Date: November 10, 2011

John Cahn receives Kyoto Prize medal. Credit: Inamori Foundation View hi-resolution image YOTO, JAPAN — November 10, 2011 — The non-profit Inamori Foundation (President: Dr. Kazuo … more

Fish Flu: Genetics Approach May Lead to Treatment
Release Date: November 8, 2011

A research team at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has provided the first look* at a genetic structure that may play a critical role in the reproduction of the infectious … more

Government Issues Building Energy and Water Submetering Report
Release Date: November 8, 2011

WASHINGTON, D.C.—A new interagency report recommends systematic consideration of new metering technologies that can yield up-to-date, finely grained snapshots of energy and water usage in … more

Are Electron Tweezers Possible? Apparently So.
Release Date: November 8, 2011

Not to pick up electrons, but tweezers made of electrons. A recent paper* by researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Virginia (UVA) … more

NIST Physicists Chip Away at Mystery of Antimatter Imbalance
Release Date: November 8, 2011

Why there is stuff in the universe—more properly, why there is an imbalance between matter and antimatter—is one of the long-standing mysteries of cosmology. A team of researchers working at the … more

New Report Urges More Detailed Utility Metering to Improve Building Efficiency
Release Date: November 8, 2011

A new interagency report recommends systematic consideration of new metering technologies, called submetering, that can yield up-to-date, finely grained snapshots of energy and water usage in … more

NICE Issues Cybersecurity Workforce Framework for Public Comment
Release Date: November 8, 2011

The National Initiative on Cybersecurity Education (NICE) has published for public comment a draft document that classifies the typical duties and skill requirements of cybersecurity workers. The … more

Draft Roadmap for Cloud Computing Technology
Release Date: November 8, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released for public comment a draft "roadmap" that is designed to foster federal agencies' adoption of cloud computing, support the … more

NIST Signs Agreement to Enhance Cybersecurity Education Programs
Release Date: November 8, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has agreed to work with the Department of Education and a new organization, the National Cybersecurity Education Council (NCEC), to develop … more

NIST to Help Speed Technology Transfer from Federal Labs
Release Date: November 8, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will play a significant role in helping speed the transfer of federal research and development from the laboratory to the marketplace, as … more

Safe Fluids for Jet Engine Texts
Release Date: November 2, 2011

A sailor assigned to Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department tests an aircraft jet engine for defects aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln. Credit: Brandon C. Wilson/U.S. Navy. On … more

Redefining the SI Units
Release Date: November 2, 2011

The latest official brochure for the international system of units. Metrology is poised to undergo a profound change that will benefit scientists, engineers, industry and commerce – but … more

CNST Researchers Efficiently Extract Photons from Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots Directly into an Optical Fiber
Release Date: November 2, 2011

Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology have led the development of a new technique for efficiently out-coupling photons from epitaxially-grown quantum dots directly … more

NIST Releases Draft Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap for Comments
Release Date: November 1, 2011

The U.S. Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released for public comment a draft "roadmap" that is designed to foster federal agencies' adoption of cloud … more

We Can't Wait: Obama Administration Announces Two Steps to Help Businesses Create Jobs, Strengthen Competitiveness
Release Date: October 28, 2011

WASHINGTON, DC -- Today, the Obama Administration announced it is taking two important steps to help U.S businesses create jobs and strengthen their competitiveness in a global economy. Through two … more

NIST Releases Update to Smart Grid Framework
Release Date: October 26, 2011

An expanded list of standards, new cybersecurity guidance and product testing proposals are among the new elements in an updated roadmap for Smart Grid interoperability released today* for public … more

CNST and University of Maryland Researchers Bridge Nanophotonics and Conventional Optics with Surface Plasmonic Lenses Fabricated on Optical Fibers
Release Date: October 26, 2011

Researchers from the University of Maryland and the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology have experimentally demonstrated superfocusing of light using an optical fiber-based surface … more

Future 'Comb on a Chip': NIST's Compact Frequency Comb Could Go Places
Release Date: October 25, 2011

Laser frequency combs—extraordinarily precise tools for measuring frequencies (or colors) of light—have helped propel advances in timekeeping, trace gas detection and related physics research to … more

Improved Characterization of Nanoparticle Clusters for EHS and Biosensors Research
Release Date: October 25, 2011

The tendency of nanoparticles to clump together in solution—"agglomeration"—is of great interest because the size of the clusters plays an important role in the behavior of the materials. Toxicity, … more

Quantum Computer Components 'Coalesce' to 'Converse'
Release Date: October 25, 2011

If quantum computers are ever to be realized, they likely will be made of different types of parts that will need to share information with one another, just like the memory and logic circuits in … more

NIST Releases Two Wireless Security Guides, Requests Comment
Release Date: October 25, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued for public review and comment two draft guides to securing wireless communication networks. NIST is requesting comments on the … more

Final Version of NIST Cloud Computing Definition Published
Release Date: October 25, 2011

After years in the works and 15 drafts, the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) working definition of cloud computing, the 16th and final definition has been published as The … more

New Study Finds that Baldrige Award Recipient Hospitals Significantly Outperform Their Peers
Release Date: October 25, 2011

A new report has found that health care organizations that have won Baldrige National Quality Awards for performance excellence or been considered for a Baldrige Award site visit outperform other … more

NIST Names 10 to National Construction Safety Team Advisory Committee
Release Date: October 25, 2011

Ten prominent building and fire experts have been appointed by Patrick Gallagher, director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), to serve on the National Construction Safety … more

NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions Receives IT Award
Release Date: October 25, 2011

Government Computer News magazine has honored the Digital Library of Mathematical Functions (DLMF), which the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released last year, with one of … more

NIST Releases Update to Smart Grid Framework
Release Date: October 25, 2011

An expanded list of standards, new cybersecurity guidance and product testing proposals are among the new elements in an updated roadmap for Smart Grid interoperability released today* for public … more

NIST Measures Key Property of Potential 'Spintronic' Material
Release Date: October 19, 2011

An advanced material that could help bring about next-generation "spintronic" computers has revealed one of its fundamental secrets to a team of scientists from Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) … more

Commerce and Transportation Departments Forge Partnership to Boost Domestic Manufacturing Across America
Release Date: October 18, 2011

Partnership will help revitalize the domestic railway manufacturing sector, support Obama Administration’s historic investments in transportation and create jobs U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray … more

Happy World Standards Week!
Release Date: October 14, 2011

Imagine a world where shoe sizes were not standardized, or where golf balls came in a variety of sizes and weights. What if your favorite CDs didn’t fit in your friend’s CD player? None of these … more

NIST Colleagues Congratulate Shechtman on Nobel Chemistry Prize
Release Date: October 13, 2011

Additional Contact: Gail Porter 301-975-3392 Gaithersburg, Md.— National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) colleagues of Dan Shechtman joined others in the scientific community today … more

NIST Seeks Help in Understanding Public Response to Joplin Tornado
Release Date: October 13, 2011

As part of its technical study on the impacts of the devastating May 22, 2011, tornado that struck Joplin, Mo., the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will be conducting … more

Magnetic Attraction: NIST/CU Microchip Demonstrates Concept of 'MRAM for Biomolecules'
Release Date: October 13, 2011

Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and University of Colorado Boulder (CU) have developed a low-power microchip that uses a combination of microfluidics and … more

NIST Data Set Details Federal Tech Transfer Efforts Since 1987
Release Date: October 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has compiled and released a comprehensive set of data detailing federal technology transfer activities between 1987 and 2009. This report … more

NIST Publishes Guide for Monitoring Security in Information Systems
Release Date: October 13, 2011

A new computer security publication* from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will help organizations understand their security posture against threats and vulnerabilities and … more

Federal Cloud Technology Roadmap to be Introduced at Forum & Workshop, Nov. 2-4
Release Date: October 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will unveil the public draft of its U.S. Government Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap at the Cloud Computing Forum & Workshop IV that … more

NIST Cooperative Agreement with University of Maryland Supports Research on 21st Century Smart Systems
Release Date: October 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) awarded today a $1 million cooperative agreement to the University of Maryland at College Park (UMD). Researchers at UMD’s Institute for … more

CNST and ASU Researchers Show that Gold Doping Increases Nickel Catalyst Activity for Carbon Nanostructure Formation
Release Date: October 12, 2011

Researchers from the CNST and Arizona State University have demonstrated that the overall catalytic activity of nickel particles for the formation of carbon nanostructures is improved by the … more

NIST MEP and EDA Working with National Governors Association to Encourage Growth Opportunities in Manufacturing in Seven States
Release Date: October 7, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) and the Economic Development Administration (EDA), both agencies of the U.S. Department of … more

CNST and ITL Researchers Change the Color and Shape of a Single Photon
Release Date: October 5, 2011

A team of researchers from the CNST and ITL has simultaneously changed the color and shape of a single photon, the smallest unit of light.  The work, reported in the August 19 issue of Physical … more

Public/Private Leaders Collaborate on Ways to Fight Botnets
Release Date: October 4, 2011

Washington, D.C.—The U.S. departments of Commerce and Homeland Security (DHS) today discussed with other federal agencies and private-sector leaders in the information technology industry the need … more

Traveling SIRCUS Tests Satellite Sensors
Release Date: October 3, 2011

Artist's conception of the NPP satellite. The VIIRS instrument suite is at the top left of the image. Credit: NASA For NASA's Earth Observing System satellite fleet, sensor failure is … more

PML Develops Graphene Fabrication Capability
Release Date: October 3, 2011

Graphene – a single-layer planar sheet of carbon atoms bound in a "chicken-wire" lattice—has become the object of intense international research ever since its first isolation in 2004 propelled it … more

Quantum Mechanics at Work
Release Date: October 3, 2011

Colorized image of a NIST micropillar containing a semiconductor quantum dot that emits individual photons, or particles of light. A NIST micropillar like this was used in research led by … more

NIST gets HIP: a new method for testing optical imaging sensors
Release Date: October 3, 2011

Figure 1. Schematic of the Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP). A spectral engine optically in series with a spatial engine projects a time-integrated 2D image to the sensor under test … more

All Time, All the Time: Improving NIST Radio
Release Date: October 3, 2011

  Computer-generated estimates of WWVB signal strength under typical conditions show coverage at two-hour intervals over the course of a day with WWVB operating at 50 kW radiated power. Red … more

Atomic Theory of Lithium
Release Date: October 3, 2011

The investigators took high-precision measurements of the D1 and D2 transition lines in the two stable isotopes of lithium. (Click image for larger version.) A team of PML researchers … more