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Data that are gathered during and after an event, including photos, video and other documentation, may be lost or inaccessible relatively soon after. In 2011, NIST established the Disaster and Failure Studies Data Repository which hosts a national archival database of significant hazard events. The repository helps ensure that this valuable information is organized and maintained to enable study, analysis, and comparison with subsequent severe disaster events.
The data repository was created in two phases:
Phase 1 includes data from NIST's six-year investigation of the collapses of three buildings at New York City's World Trade Center (WTC 1, 2 and 7) as a result of the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Available are thousands of photos and videos collected during the investigation; computer simulations created to model aircraft impact damage, fire spread and structural design characteristics; and the complete set of the technical reports that document the body of the NIST work.
Phase 2 includes an archived repository of data collected from the 2010 Chile earthquake.
In its operational state, the data repository will be expanded, as appropriate, to a larger collection of information on hazard events (earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, windstorms, community-scale fires in the wildland-urban interface and storm surges) and man-made hazards (accidental, criminal or terrorist). This data repository effort also will support the development of standards and new technologies for more efficient collection of data on disaster and failure events.
Materials provided to NIST are shown in the repository as received and serve as an historical archive. Some of these materials may contain offensive language or images/videos that some may find graphic. NIST is providing these materials as a public service and to comply with regulations that require federal agencies to provide equal access to data available for public release.
Materials available in the repository may be protected by copyrights owned by private individuals or organizations, and may be subject to restrictions on use. Where known by NIST, the copyright owner is identified with the image.