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World Trade Center Disaster Study Reports and Other Publications

Final Reports from the NIST World Trade Center Investigation (September 2005 and November 2008)

Draft Reports from the NIST World Trade Center Investigation - and public comments (April 2005 and August 2008)

Best Practice Guidelines for Structural Fire Resistance Design of Concrete and Steel Buildings (NIST IR 7563, November 2010)

June 2004 Progress Report on the Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center (NIST SP 1000-5, June 2004)

Public Update on the Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST SP 1000-4, December 2003)

Progress Report on the Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST SP 1000-3, May 2003)

Progress Report on NIST Building and Fire Investigation into the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST IR 6942 and NIST SP 1000-2, December 2002)

NIST Final Plan: National Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST SP 1000-1, August 2002)

Initial Model for Fires in the World Trade Center Towers (NIST IR 6879, May 2002)  

Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires

Collected Publications Related to the Use of Elevators During Fires (NIST SP 983, May 2000)

In the wake of the September 11 attacks in the US provisions for emergency egress from tall buildings are being re-examined, worldwide. Possibilities being discussed include the utilization of protected elevators with stairways for both occupant egress and fire service access. These have been discussed over the years and have been the subject of research by a number of parties, including a cooperative program between NIST, the National Research Council of Canada, and the US elevator industry.

 

Publications Related to 1993 World Trade Center Bombing

Study of Occupant Behavior During the World Trade Center Evacuation: Preliminary Report of Results., 1995

On February 26, 1993, shortly after noon, a bomb exploded in a subterranean garage below the World Trade Center plaza in New York City. The explosions and subsequent fire caused extensive structural damage on several basement levels, interfered with the operation of the fire protection and other emergency systems and resulted in the evacuation of over 100,000 occupants of the complex....

Human Behavior in the World Trade Center Evacuation. March, 1997

An explosion below the World Trade Center plaza in New York City on February 26, 1993, killed six workers, and resulted in injuries to over 1,000 occupants as they made their way out of the affected buildings. The explosion and subsequent fire caused extensive structural damage on several basement levels, interfered with the operation of the fire protection and other emergency systems and resulted in the evacuation of tens of thousands of occupants of the complex....

Enhancement of EXIT89 and Analysis of World Trade Center Data. Final Report. August 1994-August 1995

The features of an enhanced model for egress from fires in non-residential occupancies is presented along with a users manual describing the use of the model. The enhancements to the model include analysis of locations of safety, smoke blockages, disabled occupants, and delays in egress....