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Less Fire-Prone Cigarettes

 Sample testing for ignition of upholstered furniture by cigarettes Latest Publication:
Interlaboratory Study of Alternate Filter Papers for Use in ASTM E 2187

News:
NIST to offer Standard Reference cigarette for ignition strength measurement. Read the letter to industry ...

Questions and Answers
on NIST Reduced Ignition Propensity Cigarette Testing



Publications

Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984

1. Krasny, J.F. and Gann, R.G., "Relative Propensity of Selected Commercial Cigarettes to Ignite Soft Furnishings Mockups," Report No. 1, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, and NBSIR 86-3421, U.S. National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, 1986.

2. Krasny, J.F., "Cigarette Ignition of Soft Furnishings - A Literature Review With Commentary," Report No. 2, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, and NBSIR 87-3509, U.S. National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, 1987.

3. Gann, R.G., Harris, Jr., R.H., Krasny, J.F., Levine, R.S., Mitler, H.E., and Ohlemiller, T.J., "The Effect of Cigarette Characteristics on the Ignition of Soft Furnishings," Report No. 3, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, and NBS Technical Note 1241, U.S. National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, 1987.

4. Ruegg, R.T., Weber, S.F., Lippiatt, B.C., and Fuller, S.K., "Improving the Fire Safety of Cigarettes: An Economic Impact Analysis," Report No. 4, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, and NBS Technical Note 1242, U.S. National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD, 1987.

5. Hall, Jr. J.R., "Expected Changes in Fire Damages from Reducing Cigarette Ignition Propensity," Report No. 5, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.

6. Sumner, D.A., Greenberg, D., Lago, A.L., Shannon, J.A., Oster, G.O., Ford, G.T., Brown, J.P., and Calfee, J.E., "Economic Sector Data for Modeling the Impact of Less Ignition-Prone Cigarettes," Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.

a. Sumner, D.A., "A Study of the Impact of Cigarette Modifications on the Tobacco Production Industry in the United States," in Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
b. Greenberg, D., "The Employment Implications of Proposed Cigarette Design Modifications to Reduce Cigarette Ignition Propensity," in Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
c. Lago, A.L., and Shannon, J.A., "Cost Analysis of Options for Self-Extinguishing Cigarettes," in Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
d. Oster, G.O., "Estimates of the Economic and Non-Economic Health Consequences of Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and Reduction in the Amount Smoked," in Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
e. Ford, G.T., Brown, J.P., and Calfee, J.E., "The Costs and Benefits to Smokers of Reduced Flammability Cigarettes," in Report No. 6, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Act of 1984, 1987.


7. Damant, G.H., McCormack, J.A., and Claire, B., "Tests of Smoldering Ignition of Chairs and Reduced-Scale Mock-Ups by Various Cigarettes," Report No. 7, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.

a. Damant, G.H., McCormack, J.A., and Claire, B., "Correlation Study of Small-Scale Furniture Mock-up Smoldering Tests to Full-Scale Cigarette Tests," in Report No. 7, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
b. Damant, G.H., McCormack, J.A., and Claire, B., "A Smoldering Ignition Study Using Two Small-Scale Mock-up Systems and Ten Types of Cigarettes," in Report No. 7, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.
c. Damant, G.H., McCormack, J.A., and Claire, B., "Results of a Mock-Up Ignition Study Using Ten Types of Cigarettes," in Report No. 7, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.


8. Harwood, B., and Fansler, L., "Feasibility Study of Obtaining Field Data on Cigarette-Initiated Fires," Report No. 8, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.

9. "Toward a Less Fire-Prone Cigarette," Final Report to the Congress, Technical Study Group on Cigarette and Little Cigar Fire Safety, Cigarette Safety Act of 1984, 1987.

Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990

U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, "Overview: Practicability of Developing a Performance Standard to Reduce Cigarette Ignition Propensity," Report No. 1, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990, 1993.

Ohlemiller, T.J., Villa, K.M., Braun, E., Eberhardt, K.R., Harris, Jr., R.H., Lawson, J.R., and Gann, R.G., "Test Methods for Quantifying the Propensity of Cigarettes to Ignite Soft Furnishings," Report No. 2, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990 and NIST Special Publication 851, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 1993.

Mitler, H.E. and Walton, G.N., "Modeling the Ignition of Soft Furnishings by a Cigarette," Report No. 3, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990 and NIST Special Publication 852, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 1993.

Harwood, B., Kissinger, T.L., Karter, Jr., M.J., Miller, A.L., Fahy, R.F., Hall, Jr., J.R., Eisenhower, D., Forbes, P., and Hall, J., "Cigarette Fire Incident Study," Report No. 4, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990, 1993.

Lee, B.C., Mishra, L.C., Burns, D.M., Gairola, C.G., Harris, J.E., Hoffman, D., Pillsbury, Jr., H.C., and Shopland, D.R., "Toxicity Testing Plan," Report No. 5, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990, 1993.

Ray, D.R., Zamula, W.W., Miller, T.R., Brigham, P.A., Cohen, M.A., Douglass, J.B., Galbraith, M.S., Lestina, D.C., Nelkin, V.S., Pindus, N.M., Smith-Regojo, P., "Societal Costs of Cigarette Fires," Report No. 6, Technical Advisory Group, Fire Safe Cigarette Act of 1990, 1993.

Update Reports

Gann, R.G., Guthrie, W.F., "Interlaboratory Study of Alternate Filter Papers for Use in ASTM E 2187," NIST Technical Note 1649, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, November, 2009.

Gann, R.G. and E. J. Hnetkovsky, "Modification of ASTM E 2187 for Measuring the Ignition Propensity of Conventional Cigarettes," NIST Technical Note 1627, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, June, 2009.

Gann, R.G. and Guthrie, W.F., "Robustness of Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes with ASTM Method E2187-02b," NIST Technical Note 1454, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 20 pages (2003).

Gann, R.G., Steckler, K.D., Ruitberg, S., Guthrie, W.F., and Levenson, M.S., "Relative Ignition Propensity of Test Market Cigarettes," NIST Technical Note 1436, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, 34 pages (2001).

Eberhardt, K.R., Levenson, M.S., and Gann, R.G., "Fabrics for Testing the Ignition Propensity of Cigarettes," Fire and Materials 21, 259-264 (1997).