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Environment/Climate Programs & Projects

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Fiber Sources and Applications
Last Updated Date: 10/05/2015

Optical frequency combs convert a laser source containing a single frequency of light into pulses that include thousands of frequencies. This … more

Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP)
Last Updated Date: 08/17/2015

Detecting climate change with remote sensing instruments, providing state-of-the-art surveillance imagery for security and defense, or getting the … more

Aperture area measurements
Last Updated Date: 08/17/2015

Radiometric and photometric measurements require defining apertures. The accuracy to which these measurements can be accomplished requires … more

Femtosecond Laser Frequency Combs for Optical Clocks
Last Updated Date: 07/15/2015

We develop self-referenced mode-locked femtosecond lasers that function as the "gears" of optical clocks. The femtosecond laser clockwork is … more

Smoke Stack Simulator
Last Updated Date: 07/08/2015

Today, inconsistencies between measured CO 2 emissions and emissions calculated from coal consumption are on the order of 10% to 20%. Either a … more

Seabird Tissue and Archival Monitoring Project (STAMP)
Last Updated Date: 05/20/2015

In 1999, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (USFWS-AMNWR), the U.S. Geological Survey Biological … more

NIST Aids the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Area of Marine Animal Health
Last Updated Date: 05/20/2015

Marine animal health is affected by stressors including disease and man-made pollution. NIST assists NOAA primarily by evaluating marine-life … more

Isotopes as Environmental Tracers in Archived Biological Specimens
Last Updated Date: 05/20/2015

There is increasing interest in the analytical and environmental communities in using mercury isotopic fingerprinting to identify source patterns … more

Mercury Vapor Pressure Correlation
Last Updated Date: 05/18/2015

An apparent difference between the historical mercury vapor concentration equations used by the mercury atmospheric measurement community and a new … more

Fundamental Chemical Metrology
Last Updated Date: 05/18/2015

The Chemical Sciences Division serves as the Nation’s reference laboratory for chemical compositional measurements and standards to enhance U.S. … more

Marine Environmental Metabolomics
Last Updated Date: 05/18/2015

NIST is developing NMR-based metabolomics for use as a tool to expand research on the impacts of environmental stressors on marine organisms. The … more

Building the next generation reference reflectometer
Last Updated Date: 04/10/2015

ROSI (Robotic Optical Scatter Instrument) is a new facility for measuring reflectance and scattering of materials in the ultraviolet to short-wave … more

Lunar spectral irradiance and radiance (LUSI)
Last Updated Date: 03/30/2015

LUnar Spectral Irradiance and radiance (LUSI) is a proposed suite of instruments to radiometrically characterize the Moon for use as an on-orbit … more

Synchrotron Radiation-Based Calibrations for Space Weather Prediction
Last Updated Date: 03/24/2015

Orbital ultraviolet and extreme-ultraviolet spectrometers are calibrated on beamline 2, taking advantage of the calculability of synchrotron … more

HML Organic Chemical Metrology Program Areas
Last Updated Date: 03/24/2015

The Organic Chemical Metrology Program exists within the Chemical Sciences Division, MML, which is located at the Hollings Marine Laboratory in … more

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