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Publication Citation: Innovative Approach to Rapid Growth of Highly Clay-Filled Coatings on Porous Polyurethane Foam

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Author(s): Yeon Seok Kim; Richard H. Harris Jr.; Rick D. Davis;
Title: Innovative Approach to Rapid Growth of Highly Clay-Filled Coatings on Porous Polyurethane Foam
Published: June 11, 2012
Abstract: : An innovative twist to fabricating layer-by-layer coatings resulted in transparent, high-content clay coatings on porous polyurethane foam. The addition of an anionic poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) monolayer between anionic clay and cationic branched-polyethylenimine (PEI) monolayers resulted in a trilayer nanocomposite structure with an order of magnitude thicker coating using 40% less monolayers than the conventional bilayer approach. The eight trilayer system thoroughly coated all internal and external surfaces of the porous polyurethane foam, creating a clay brick wall barrier that reduced the foam flammability by as much as 17% of the peak heat release rate and 21% of the total burn time. Though the flammability reduction is comparable to common commercial fire retardant polyurethane foam, the clay is used at a 50% lower amount and may be a greener solution as many of the commercial fire retardants (e.g., halogen bases) have potential environmental and health concerns.
Citation: ACS Macro Letters
Issue: 1
Pages: pp. 820 - 825
Research Areas: Nanoparticles, Polymers, Fire Materials Research, Deposition, Nanocomposites, Nanomaterials
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (295KB)