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Publication Citation: A One-Kilogram Quartz Resonator as a Mass Standard

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Author(s): David A. Howe; J Vig;
Title: A One-Kilogram Quartz Resonator as a Mass Standard
Published: February 01, 2013
Abstract: The unit of mass, the kilogram, is the last remaining SI base unit defined by an artifactŠ [1]. This artifact, the primary mass standard, suffers from long term instabilities that are neither well understood, nor easily monitored [2]. A mass standard consisting of a one kilogram quartz resonator is proposed. The frequency stability of such a resonator is likely to be far higher than the mass stability of the primary mass standard, the International Prototype Kilogram. Moreover, the resonator would provide a link to the SI unit of time-interval. When locked to an atomic frequency standard, the frequency of the resonator could be monitored, on a continuous basis, with ultrahigh precision. It could also be coordinated, worldwide, with other resonator mass standards. [1] Z. J. Jabbour, P. Abbott, E. Williams, R. Liu, and V. Lee, ,Linking air and vacuum mass measurement by magnetic levitation,Š Metrologia vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 339-344, Jan-Feb 2009. [2] R. Courtland, ,Consider the kilogram,Š IEEE Spectrum, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 35-39, May 2012
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Volume: 60
Issue: 2
Pages: pp. 428 - 431
Keywords: Accuracy,Drift,Mass,Oscillator,Primary,Quartz,Secondary,Stability,Standard
Research Areas: Physics
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2013.2580  (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)