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Functional Nanostructured Materials Group


The Functional Nanostructured Materials Group develops measurement methods, models, data, standards, and science for the electrical, chemical, and magnetic properties of nanostructured inorganic materials, including metals and semiconductors, as related to their microstructure and processing. The Group provides expertise in nanostructure fabrication, in situ processing measurements, models for process control, and microscopy techniques needed to improve the performance of these materials in application areas such as energy and electronics.

Group Competence

  • Deposition of thin films

  • Electrodeposition of metals and alloys

  • Evaporation of thin films and alloys

  • Growth of nanowires and creation of devices
    • Gallium-nitride and wide bandgap nanowires
    • Silicon and germanium nanowires

  • Measurements for evaluation of hydrogen in materials

  • Development of microscopy methods

  • Measurements of stress in thin films

  • Standard Reference Materials



Magnetic Nanostructures for post-CMOS Electronics—Our goal is to address the metrology of magnetic effects at the nanoscale level. Nanomagnet arrays form the basis for major data storage technologies, notably magnetoresistive random access memory …

Future Directions for Magnetic Sensors— Our goal is to develop the scientific understanding needed to allow modeling and simulation to become the driving force in improving magnetic sensors and to implement the resulting advantages. …

Magnetic Nanoparticle Metrology—We are developing best practice metrology for characterization of magnetic nanoparticle systems (e.g. blocking temperature, anisotropy, property distributions, T1 and T2 relaxation times, …

Microscopy Methods—This project is developing means of quantitatively measuring chemical distributions in three dimensions at the nanometer scale in materials with complex heterogeneities. The 3D chemical imaging and …

Measurements for Hydrogen Storage Materials—The goal of this project is to develop the metrology necessary for rapid, high-throughput measurement of the hydrogen content of novel materials proposed for hydrogen storage. A focus is bringing …

Nanostructure Fabrication Processes—In this project we are developing in situ measurements relevant to the electrochemical fabrication, processing, and application of nanostructured materials and devices. Our effort is focused on the …

Semiconductor Nanowire Metrology: Electronics, Photonics, and Sensors—In this project, we are developing metrology needed for the synthesis, processing, and characterization of semiconductor nanowire structures to enable reliable nanoscale device development for …

Magnetic Imaging—Our goal is to develop a real-time magnetic domain imaging system and apply it to technologically important systems, including data-storage and permanent magnets with increased energy products, in …