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NSTIC Guiding Principle 1:
Identity Solutions will be Privacy Enhancing and Voluntary
The National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC, or Strategy) describes four Guiding Principles that form the foundation for all of the Strategy’s goals, objectives, and actions. The first Guiding Principle—Identity Solutions will be Privacy Enhancing and Voluntary—describes how the Identity Ecosystem will enhance privacy and support civil liberties.
The Identity Ecosystem will use privacy-enhancing technology and policies to inhibit the ability of service providers to link an individual’s transactions, thus ensuring that no one service provider can gain a complete picture of an individual’s life in cyberspace. By default, only the minimum necessary information will be shared in a transaction. Equally important, participation in the Identity Ecosystem will be voluntary: the government will neither mandate that individuals obtain an Identity Ecosystem credential nor that companies require Identity Ecosystem credentials from consumers as the only means to interact with them.
One key role for the Federal Government in the implementation of the Strategy is to partner with the private sector to ensure that the Identity Ecosystem implements all four of the Guiding Principles. The Federal Government’s role is also to coordinate a whole-of-government approach to implementation, including fostering cooperation across all levels of government, to deliver integrated, constituent-centric services.