NIST logo

Validation of PG+W

NIST and other calibration laboratories have validated that flow measurements made in a 5 % propylene glycol + water (PG+W) mixture are within the uncertainty of measurements made using Stoddard solvent over the usable range of the turbine meter. [3]

NIST has validated that flow measurements made in PG+W mixtures ranging from 5 % to 68 % PG are within the uncertainty of measurements made using Stoddard solvent over the usable range of the turbine meter. [4]  The highest kinematic viscosity  PG+W mixture that fell in the viscosity independent range of the calibration curve was determined by the flow capability of the NIST 20−L standard.  This is because if the kinematic viscosity is increased, the tested flow must increase proportionally to obtain the same Re value.  The diameter of the meter used to compare PG+W mixtures to Stoddard solvent shown in the following figure has a 2.5 cm diameter.  If we used a larger diameter meter, the higher the kinematic viscosity of the PG+W mixture can be and still fall within the viscosity independent range of the calibration curve.

 Validation that calibrations with propylene glycol-water mixtures and Stoddard Solvent agree within 0.1 percent
The top plot shows the meter factor (K = ω/Q) from 8.2×105 to 8.5×105 on the y-axis, as a function of Reynolds number (Re) from 103 to 105 on the x-axis for Stoddard Solvent and four mixtures of propylene glycol and water. The mixtures of propylene glycol and water have kinematic viscosities ranging from 1.2×10−6 m2/s and 13.7×10−6 m2/s. The measurements using the four propylene glycol and water mixtures differ by less than 0.1% from the measurements using Stoddard solvent, as shown by the deviations in the bottom plot.

 


[3]  J. Wright, A. Johnson, G. Kline, C. Crowley, J. Pope, V. Bean, et al., A Comparison of 12 US Liquid Hydrocarbon Flow Standards and the Transition to Safer Calibration Liquids, Cal Lab Magazine: The International Journal of Metrology, vol. 19-2, pages 30 – 38 (2012).

[4]  J.G. Pope, J.D. Wright, A.N. Johnson, M.R. Moldover, Extended Lee Model for the Turbine Meter and Calibrations with Surrogate Fluids, Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, vol 24, pages 71 – 82 (2012).

*
Bookmark and Share


Contact

Jodie G. Pope 
301-975-4586 Telephone

John D. Wright
301-975-5937 Telephone

100 Bureau Drive, M/S 8360
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8360