# Publications

__N. Ashby, A.R. Golshan, "Minimum Uncertainties in Position and Velocity Determination using x-ray Photons From Millisecond Pulsars," ION National Technical Mtg., pp. 110-118, Jan. 2008.__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, and D.A. Howe, "Effect of Vibration on PM and AM noise of Oscillatory and Non-oscillatory Components at 10 GHz," Proc. 2009 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 524-529, Apr. 2009, (Bin No. 2371).__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, and D.A. Howe, "Vibration-induced PM Noise in Oscillators and its Suppression," Aerial Vehicles Ch. 13, pp. 259-286, Jan. 2009, (Bin No. 2328).__

__J.A. Taylor, C.W. Nelson, A. Hati, N. Ashby, and D.A. Howe, "Residual Vibration-induced PM Noise of a Rigid Optical Fiber Spool," Proc. 2008 PTTI Mtg., pp. 549-557, Dec. 2008, (Bin No. 2343).__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, J. Taylor, N. Ashby and D.A. Howe, "Cancellation of Vibration-Induced Phase Noise in Optical Fibers," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 1842-1844, Nov. 2008 (Bin No. 2119).__

__C.W. Nelson, A. Hati, and D.A. Howe, "Relative Intensity Noise Suppression for RF Photonic Links," IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 1542-1544, Sept. 2008 (Bin No. 2293).__

__J. Taylor, C.W. Nelson, A. Hati, N. Ashby, and D.A. Howe, "Vibration-induced PM noise measurements of a rigid optical fiber spool," Proc. 2008 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 807-810, May 2008(Bin No. 2310).__

__C.W. Nelson, A. Hati, D.A. Howe, and W. Zhou, "Microwave Optoelectronic Oscillator with Optical Gain," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 1014-1019, May 2007 (Bin No. 2250).__

__N. Ashby, D.A. Howe, J. Taylor, A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, "Optical Fiber Vibration and Acceleration Model," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 547-551, May 2007 (Bin No. 2240).__

__K.M. Hudek, A. Hati, D.A. Howe, C.W. Nelson and W. Zhou, "Further Examination of the Injection-Locked Dual Optoelectronic Oscillator," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 796-800, May 2007 (Bin No. 2239).__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, D.A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K.M. Hudek, C. Hay, D.J. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, "Vibration sensitivity of microwave components," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 541-546, May 2007 (Bin No. 2234).__

__D.A. Howe, A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, J. Taylor, and N. Ashby, "Active Vibration-induced PM Noise Control in Optical Fibers: Preliminary Studies," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 552-556, May 2007 (Bin No. 2233).__

__J. McGee and D.A. Howe, "TheoH and Allan Deviation as Power-Law Noise Estimators," IEEE. T. Ultrason., vol. 54, pp. 448-452, Feb. 2007 (Bin No. 2116).__

__A. Hati, D.A. Howe, F.L. Walls, and D. Walker, "Merits of PM Noise Measurement Over Noise Figure: A Study at Microwave Frequencies," IEEE T. Ultrason., vol. 53, pp. 1889-1894, Oct. 2006 (Bin No. 2110).__

__D.A. Howe, "TheoH: A Hybrid, High-confidence that Improves on the Allan Deviation" Metrologia Volume #43 Pages S322-S331 04Aug-06 (Bin No. 2109)__

__D.A. Howe, J. Lanfranchi, L. Cutsinger, A. Hati, and C.W. Nelson, "Vibration-induced PM Noise in Oscillators and Measurements of Correlation with Vibration Sensors," Proc. 2005 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and PTTI, pp. 494-498, Aug. 2005 (Bin No. 2103).__

__B.F. Riddle and C.W. Nelson, "Impedence Control for Critically Coupled Cavities," Proc. 2005 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and PTTI, pp. 488-493, Aug. 2005 (Bin. No. 2123).__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, J.F. Garcia Nava, D.A. Howe, F.L. Walls, H. Ascarrunz, J. Lanfranchi, and B.F. Riddle, "W-band Dual Channel AM/PM Noise Measurement System - An Update," Proc. 2005 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and PTTI, pp. Aug. 2005 (Bin No. 2094).__

__D.A. Howe and A. Hati, "Low-noise X-band Oscillator and Amplifier Technologies: Comparison and Status," Proc. 2005 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and PTTI, pp. 481-487, Aug. 2005 (Bin No. 2097).__

__D.A. Howe, "Frequency Stability," Encyclopedia of RF and Microwave Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 1706-1720, Feb. 2005 (Bin. No. 1928).__

__C.W. Nelson, D.A. Howe and A. Sen Gupta, "Ultra-low Noise Cavity Stabilized Microwave Reference Oscillator using an Air-dielectric Resonator," Proc. 2004 PTTI Mtg., pp. 173-178, Dec. 2004 (Bin No. 2007).__

__A. Sen Gupta, D.A. Howe, C. Nelson, A. Hati, F.L. Walls, and J.F. Garcia Nava, "High Spectral Purity Microwave Oscillator: Design Using Conventional Air-Dielectric Cavity," IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr., vol. 51, pp. 1225-1231, Oct. 2004 (Bin No. 1995).__

__T.N. Tasset, D.A. Howe, and D.B. Percival, "Theo1 Confidence Intervals," Proc. 2004 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and UFFC Conf., pp. 725-728, Aug. 2004 (Bin No. 1979).__

__A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, J.F. Garcia Nava, D.A. Howe, and F.L. Walls, "W-band Dual Channel PM/AM Noise Measurement System," Proc. 2004 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. And UFFC Conf., pp. 298-302, Aug. 2004 (Bin No. 1978).__

__D.A. Howe and T.N. Tasset, "Theo1: Characterization of Very Long-Term Frequency Stability," Proc. 2004 EFTF Conf., p. 7, Apr. 2004 (Bin No. 1990).__

__D.A. Howe and J.R. Ostrick, "100-GHz Cooled Amplifier Residual AM and PM Noise Measurements, Noise Figure and Jitter Calculations," IEEE T. Microw. Theory, vol. 51, pp. 2235-2242, Nov. 2003 (Bin No. 1854).__

__A. Hati, D.A. Howe, F.L. Walls, and D. Walker, "Noise Figure vs. PM Noise Measurements: A Study at Microwave Frequencies," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 516-520, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1893).__

__D.A. Howe and J.R. Ostrick, "Residual PM and AM Noise Measurements, Noise Figure and Jitter Calculations of 100 GHz Amplifiers," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 503-515, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1861).__

__A. Sen Gupta, D.A. Howe, C.W. Nelson, A. Hati, F.L. Walls and J.F. Garcia Nava, "High-Spectral-Purity Microwave Oscillator: Design Using Conventional Air-Dielectric Cavity," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 423-429, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1887).__

__J.F. Garcia Nava, A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, A. Sen Gupta, F.L. Walls, and T.N. Tasset, 'Parallel Configuration for Conjugate Regenerative Dividers," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 1037-1041, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1890).__

__D.A. Howe and T.K. Peppler, "Very Long-Term Frequency Stability: Estimation Using a Special-Purpose Statistic," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 233-238, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1894).__

__D.A. Howe and T.N. Tasset, "Clock Jitter Estimation Based on PM Noise Measurements," Proc. 2003 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 541-546, May 2003 (Bin. No. 1895).__

__D.A. Howe, "Measuring Clock Jitter at 100 GHz from PM Noise Measurements," Proc. 2002 MTT-ARFTG Conf., pp. 13-22, Jun. 2002 (Bin. No. 1840).__

__D.A. Howe, A. Hati, C.W. Nelson, F.L. Walls, J.F. Garcia Nava and A. Sen Gupta, "Wide-Range Microwave Frequency Synthesis Using An Offset Passive Resonator," Proc. 2002 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 584-589, May 2002 (Bin. No. 1802).__

__D.A. Howe, C.W. Nelson, F.L. Walls, J.F. Garcia Nava, A. Hati, and A. Sen Gupta, "A 100 GHz AM and PM Noise Measurement System: Preliminary Design and Performance," Proc. 2002 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 690-698, May 2002 (Bin. No. 1801).__

__A. Sen Gupta, J.F. Garcia Nava, and F.L. Walls, "A Novel Low Noise Regenerative Divide-by-Four Circuit," Proc. 2002 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 680-684, May 2002 (Bin. No. 1800).__

__D.A. Howe, "Interpreting Oscillatory Frequency Stability Plots," Proc. 2002 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 725-732, May 2002 (Bin. No. 1808).__

__A. Sen Gupta, J.F. Garcia Nava, C.W. Nelson, D.A. Howe, and F.L. Walls, "Microwave Synthesizers for Atomic Frequency Standards," Proc. 2001 Freq. Stand. Metrology Symp., pp. 577-579, Sep. 2001 (Bin. No. 1570).__

__D.A. Howe and T.K. Peppler, "Definitions of Total Estimators of Common Time-Domain Variances," Proc. 2001 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 127-132, Jun. 2001 (Bin. No. 1481).__

__W.F. Walls and F.L. Walls, "Computation of Time-Domain Frequency Stability and Jitter From PM Noise Measurements," Proc. 2001 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 162-166, Jun. 2001 (Bin. No. 1818).__

__D.A. Howe, R. Beard, C.A. Greenhall, F. Vernotte, and B. Riley, "Total Hadamard Variance: Application to Clock Steering by Kalman Filtering," Proc. 2001 EFTF Conf., pp. 423-427, Mar. 2001 (Bin. No. 1459).__

__A. Sen Gupta, F.L. Walls, J.F. Garcia Nava, and C.W. Nelson, "Microwave Synthesizers for Atomic Frequency Standards," Proc. 2001 ICTF Conf., pp. 59-69, Feb. 2001 (Bin. No. 1464).__

__D.A. Howe, "The Total Deviation Approach to Long-Term Characterization of Frequency Stability," IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr., vol. 47, pp. 1102-1110, Sep. 2000 (Bin. No. 1362).__

__J.F. Garcia Nava, C.W. Nelson, and F.L. Walls, "Cross Correlation Techniques Applied to the Measurement of PM and AM Noise in Pulsed Amplifiers," Proc. 2000 IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp., pp. 506-510, Jun. 2000 (Bin. No. 1382).__

__F. Vernotte and D.A. Howe, 'Generalization of the Total Variance Approach to the Different Classes Of Structure Functions," Proc. 2000 EFTF Conf., pp. 375-379, Mar. 2000 (Bin. No. 2075).__

__D.A. Howe and F. Vernotte, "Generalization of the Total Variance Approach to the Modified Allan Variance," Proc. 1999 PTTI Mtg., pp. 267-276, Dec. 1999 (Bin. No. 1369).__

__C.A. Greenhall, D.A. Howe, and D.B. Percival, "Total Variance, an Estimator of Long-Term Frequency Stability," IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr., vol. 46, pp. 1183-1191, Sep. 1999 (Bin. No. 1350).__

__F.L. Walls and E.S. Ferre-Pikal, "Frequency Standards, Characterization," Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 12, pp. 767-775, Jun. 1999 (Bin. No. 1286).__

__F.L. Walls and E.S. Ferre-Pikal, "Measurement of Frequency, Phase Noise and Amplitude Noise," Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 12, pp. 459-473, Jun. 1999 (Bin. No. 1287).__

__D.A. Howe and E.E. Hagn, "Limited Live-Time Measurements of Frequency Stability," Proc. 1999 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 1113-1116, Apr. 1999 (Bin. No. 1306).__

__D.A. Howe, "Total Variance Explained," Proc. 1999 Joint Mtg. IEEE Intl. Freq. Cont. Symp. and EFTF Conf., pp. 1093-1099, Apr. 1999 (Bin. No. 1307).__