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Andrewes, William J.H., editor, The Quest for Longitude, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University, 1996.

Audoin, Claude, and Bernard Guinot, The Measurement of Time: Time, Frequency, and the Atomic Clock, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Bartky, Ian R., "The Adoption of Standard Time," Technology and Culture, Vol. 30 (Jan. 1989), pp. 25-56.

Breasted, James H., "The Beginnings of Time Measurement and the Origins of Our Calendar," in Time and its Mysteries, a series of lectures presented by the James Arthur Foundation, New York University, New York: New York University Press, 1936, pp. 59-96.

Cowan, Harrison J., Time and Its Measurements, Cleveland: World Publishing Company, 1958.

Dohrn-Van Rossum, Gerhard, History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Garver, Thomas H., "Keeping Time," American Heritage of Invention & Technology, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Fall 1992), pp. 8-17.

Goudsmit, Samuel A., Robert Claiborne, Robert A. Millikan, et al. Time, New York: Time Inc., 1966.

Hawkins, Gerald S., Stonehenge Decoded, Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1966.

Hellwig, Helmut, Kenneth M. Evenson, and David J. Wineland, "Time, Frequency and Physical Measurement," Physics Today, Vol. 23 (December 1978), pp. 23-30.

Hood, Peter, How Time Is Measured, London: Oxford University Press, 1955.

Howse, Derek, Greenwich Time and the Discovery of the Longitude, London: Philip Wilson Publishers, Ltd, 1997.

Itano, Wayne M., and Norman F. Ramsey, "Accurate Measurement of Time," Scientific American, Vol. 269 (July 1993), pp. 56-65.

Jespersen, James and D. Wayne Hanson, eds., "Special Issue on Time and Frequency," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 74, No. 7 (July 1991).

Jespersen, James and Jane Fitz-Randolph, From Sundials to Atomic Clocks: Understanding Time and Frequency, (PDF 26 MB, 306 pages) 2nd (revised) edition, Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, 1999.

Jones, Tony, Splitting the Second, Bristol, UK: Institute of Physics Publishing, 2000.

Landes, Davis S., A Revolution in Time: Clocks and the Making of the Modern World, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1985.

Lombardi, Michael A., NIST Time and Frequency Services, NIST Special Publication 432*, revised 2002.   (PDF 2.83 MB).

Mayr, Otto, "The Origins of Feedback Control," Scientific American, Vol. 223, No. 10 (October 1970), pp. 110-118.

Merriam, John C., "Time and Change in History," Time and Its Mysteries, (see Breasted above), pp. 23-38.

Millikan, Robert A., "Time," Time and Its Mysteries, (see Breasted above) pp. 3-22.

Morris, Richard, Time's Arrows, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985.

Needham, Joseph, Wang Ling, and Derek J. deSolla Price, Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Parker, R.A., The Calendars of Ancient Egypt, University of Chicago, 1950.

Priestley, J. B., Man and Time, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1964.

Seidelmann, P. Kenneth, ed., Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Almanac, Sausalito, Calif.: University Science Books, 1992.

Shallis, Michael, On Time, New York: Schocken Books, 1983.

Snyder, Wilbert F. and Charles A. Bragaw, "In the Domains of Time and Frequency" (Chapter 8), Achievement in Radio, NIST Special Publication 555*, 1986.

Sobel, Dava, Longitude, New York: Penguin Books, 1995.


*Most NIST Special Publications are available from the Superintendent, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, and in Federal Depository Libraries.

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