This Just In! (Archives)
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PML Deputy Director Jim Olthoff has received the Woodington Award for Professionalism in Metrology. Since its inception in 1978, the Measurement Science Conference (MSC) presents the annual award “to recognize a member of the Measurement Community who represents the highest level of professionalism and dedication to the Metrology Profession.” Olthoff received the award “in recognition of his outstanding contributions, commitment and leadership to measurement science” at the 2014 MSC, March 10-14 in Long Beach, CA.
Acoustic Thermometry Still Hot
Mike Moldover, leader of the Fluid Metrology Group in the Sensor Science Division, is the first author of a definitive review paper titled “Acoustic Gas Thermometry” currently highlighted on the home page of Metrologia. Moldover and co-authors from the National Metrology Laboratories of France, England, Italy, and China review the principles, techniques and results from primary acoustic gas thermometry. The paper is available on-line at no cost to non-subscribers for the next three months.“NIST invented acoustic thermometry based on metal-walled cavities that act as simultaneous acoustic and microwave resonators,” Moldover says. “This is the most accurate technique for determining the thermodynamic temperature and for measuring the Boltzmann constant.”
PML/NIST Host Tenth International Nanotechnology Conference on Communication and Cooperation
The Tenth International Nanotechnology Conference on Communication and Cooperation, INC10, will be hosted at the NIST Gaithersburg campus on May 13-15, 2014. The event is co-organized by David Seiler, chief of PML’s Semiconductor and Dimensional Metrology Division and a member of the INC10 U.S. executive committee. Early bird registration closes April 9, regular registration closes May 5. Registration is available on-line.
The INC10 offers opportunities to learn about exciting advances in nanotechnology and nanoelectronics from leaders in the field as well as network with industry experts. The INC vision is to foster international communication and cooperation on nanotechnology and particularly on nanoelectronics between industry, academic and government partners to advance innovation in computer, communications, electronics, and related industries. Global science and technology trends and overviews of major regional funding programs will be presented from Europe, Japan and the United States that address scientific and societal challenges, and that support sustainable technological and economic growth. The invited sessions include Nanoelectronics (Material and Devices, Heterogeneous Integration), Bioelectronics/Medical Breakthroughs/ Sensors, Clean/Green Energy, and Revolutionary Future Perspectives.
Top Spot for AMO
In this year’s U.S. News & World Report rankings, the number-1 school for graduate study in the highly competitive field of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics is the University of Colorado – Boulder. That is, of course, the location of JILA, a joint institute of NIST and CU. CU was tied with MIT in the last ranking but this year surged ahead to occupy the top spot alone.
The University of Maryland, College Park (UMD) placed sixth in the national AMO rankings, ahead of Caltech, Rice, Cornell, and the University of Chicago, among others. UMD is the home of the Joint Quantum Institute, a research partnership of NIST and the university.
Helping the Best Teachers to Teach
Charles Clark of the Quantum Measurement Division represented the Optical Society of America (OSA) at a March gathering in honor of recent recipients of the U.S. Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (PAEMST). The event was titled “How physics disciplinary societies can support teacher preparation and professional development.” An OSA news announcement reports that Clark, an OSA Fellow, “spoke to the awardees about the society’s resources available to educators, including OSA’s award-winning educational website Optics4Kids.org, the classroom kits, educational DVDs and more.”
Yuri Ralchenko, leader of the Atomic Spectroscopy Group in the Quantum Measurement Division, was named one of the most valued reviewers in 2013 by the Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer and was awarded a "Certificate of Excellence in Reviewing." The journal covers various subjects related to theoretical and experimental spectroscopy of atoms, molecules, and plasmas, electromagnetic and light scattering, radiation transfer in diverse environments, and various applications of spectroscopy.
Ohno Honored for Vision
Ohno, a long-recognized leader within the Sensor Science Division’s Optical Radiation Group, was honored for “many contributions to the advancement of solid state lighting. From the very beginning of the SSL revolution, Yoshi and his team at NIST performed critical research on photometry and colorimetry related to SSL sources.
"Through the course of their research, Yoshi and his team contributed to the development of a vast number of LED standards in a record amount of time. This paved the way to a more rapid and orderly introduction of SSL products to the marketplace.”
Ohno received the award at the 2014 DOE SSL R&D Workshop in Tampa, FL.
PML Deputy Director Jim Olthoff will give the Thursday, March 13 keynote address at the upcoming Measurement Science Conference in Long Beach, CA. Title: “Advancing Measurement Science to Support Manufacturing Competitiveness”
Sharing Knowledge in Tutorials
Ron Ginley, Greg Scace, and Dawn Cross served as instructors in the Technical Exchange Program tutorials at the February 5-6 NCSLI regional meeting in Raleigh, NC.
Ginley, leader of the Radio-Frequency Electronics Group in the Electromagnetics Division, explained Microwave Measurement Basics: Cable Maintenance.
Scace, an engineer in the Thermodynamic Metrology Group in the Sensor Science Division, spoke at the Humidity Calibration Tutorial.
Cross, a technician in the Thermodynamic Metrology Group, conducted a session on Thermodynamics – Replacing LIG (Liquid-in-Glass) Thermometers.
NAS awards the Comstock Prize approximately every five years to "recognize a North American resident for a recent innovative discovery or investigation in electricity, magnetism, or radiant energy." The prize has been awarded 20 times since 1913 (first recipient: Robert Millikan), and previous winners include John N. Bahcall (2004), Leon N. Cooper and J. Robert Schrieffer (1968), Charles H. Townes (1958), William Shockley (1953), Ernest O. Lawrence (1938), Percy W. Bridgman (1933), and Clinton J. Davisson (1928).
The NAS announcement states that "Jin is being honored for landmark experiments that demonstrated quantum degeneracy and the formation of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate in fermionic atomic gases cooled to less than 100 billionths of a degree above zero using magnetic traps and lasers."
The prize will be presented at the NAS annual meeting in DC on April 27, 2014.
PECASE WinnersTwo PML researchers – Gretchen Campbell of the Quantum Measurement Division and Ana Maria Rey of JILA – have been selected for the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest honor bestowed by the United States Government on science and engineering professionals in the early stages of their independent research careers. Also chosen for a PECASE award is R. Joseph Kline of the NIST Material Measurement Laboratory's Materials Science and Engineering Division.
In announcing the 102 recipients for 2013, President Obama said that "the impressive achievements of these early-stage scientists and engineers are promising indicators of even greater successes ahead. We are grateful for their commitment to generating the scientific and technical advancements that will ensure America's global leadership for many years to come."
The PECASE awards embody the high priority the Obama Administration places on producing outstanding scientists and engineers to advance the Nation's goals, tackle grand challenges, and contribute to the American economy.
The winners will receive their awards at a Washington, D.C., ceremony in the coming year. For more information on the award and winners, read the full announcement here.
Back to the Future
Coursework at MSC
Many PML researchers will be giving presentations as part of the NIST program of one-, two-, and three-day seminars at the upcoming Measurement Science Conference in Long Beach (March 10-14). They are:
Jay Hendricks, Dawn Cross, Doug Olson, Karen Garrity, and Michal Chojnacky of the Thermodynamic Metrology Group;Aaron Johnson and John Wright of the Fluid Metrology Group; and Georgia Harris of the Office of Weights and Measures.
Alejandra Torres, an American Chemical Society summer student who worked with Zeeshan Ahmed last summer, has received a four-year, full-tuition scholarship to the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The invited review article titled "Single-photon sources and
detectors," by Alan Migdall and colleagues in the Quantum Optics Group, appeared in the American Institute of Physics' Review of
Scientific Instruments in July of 2011. As of this month, it is among that journal's three
most-read papers. Again.
A Couple of Fine Fellows
Lehnert was cited “for developing experimental methods that enable the quantum control and measurement of micro-mechanical oscillators and for developing practical microwave amplifiers that operate at the quantum limit.”
Division Chief Tom O’Brian says: “Konrad joined NIST and JILA in December 2005, elected to JILA Fellowship in recognition of his potential to bring nanoscience expertise to JILA in collaboration with more traditional JILA AMO strengths. Konrad has succeeded wonderfully, leading a continually growing and evolving program coupling micromechanical oscillators and electromagnetic fields advanced by Konrad’s unique “noiseless” microwave amplifiers, with impacts in quantum information, precision metrology, and many other areas.”
In related news, Dave Wineland has been named a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI), a relatively new organization, founded in 2010 to recognize and encourage inventors working at universities and non-profit research organizations. He is the named inventor on only one patent -- US4146848 A (granted 1979) for a frequency stabilization technique in atomic/molecular beam devices such as atomic clocks, but the honor has a broader scope:
Wineland and the other 142 new Fellows in the 2013 class were “nominated by their peers for outstanding contributions to innovation in areas such as patents and licensing, innovative discovery and technology, significant impact on society, and support and enhancement of innovation,” according to the NAI announcement.
Old Hands on Deck
PML researchers Paul Hale of the Quantum Electronics and Photonics Division, and Ron Ginley, Dylan Williams, and Tom Crowley of the Electromagnetics Division, served as instructors at the recent two-day ARFTG-NIST Short Course on Microwave Measurements held in Columbus, OH. The Automatic RF Techniques Group (ARFTG) is a technical organization interested in all aspects of RF and Microwave test and measurement, and the course was intended for engineers, graduate students, experienced technicians, and technical managers.
The striking cover image (shown at right) for the December, 2013 issue of Nature Photonics – created by Emily Edwards, Director of Outreach at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) – illustrates results of a milestone paper in that journal on topological edge states of light by Mohammad Hafezi, Sinil Mittal, Jingyun Fan, Alan Migdall, and Jake Taylor of the Quantum Optics Group and JQI. To see the Nature Photonics cover itself, click here.
Under Pressure at AVS
Joining the Academy
Two PML/Boulder researchers have been inducted into the 2013 class of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences: David Nesbitt of the Quantum Physics Division, and David Wineland of the Time and Frequency Division. “The Induction Ceremony recognizes the achievement and vitality of today’s most accomplished individuals who together with the Academy will work to advance the greater good,” said Academy Secretary Jerrold Meinwald. “These distinguished men and women are making significant strides in their quest to find solutions to the most pressing scientific, humanistic, and policy challenges of the day.”
Gaitan to Hall of Fame
Gaitan chairs the MEMS Technology Working Group, which publishes its annual MEMS Technology Roadmap by the International Electronics Manufacturing Initiative and the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, and works in developing industrial consensus for the need of standard measurement protocols for device calibration and testing. These efforts have resulted in the recent publication of the "Standardized Sensor Performance Definitions" terminology document by the MEMS Industry Group and the imminent formation of a new IEEE Standards Committee on device characterization measurement standards.
By the Book
Four scientists from the Quantum Optics Group in the Quantum Measurement Division – group leader Alan Migdall, Sergey Polyakov, Jingyun Fan, and Joshua Bienfang – are the editors of a forthcoming book, Single-Photon Generation and Detection: Physics and Applications, Volume 44 in the series Experimental Methods in the Physical Sciences.
To be published next month by Elsevier's Academic Press, the book “is designed to cover the full range of single photon technology,” Migdall says, “an overview of all the technologies out there for both sources and detectors. We have given enough depth in each so that someone could use this book as guide to the best solution to their single photon application.”
Tom Lucatorto and Albert Parr of the Sensor Science Division served as treatise editors for the volume.
Rocky Mountain High (Impact)
A team from the Time and Frequency Division’s Atomic Devices and Instrumentation Group has received a 2013 [Colorado] Governor's Award for High-Impact Research, which “celebrate the achievements of Colorado's outstanding federal research scientists.”
John Kitching, Svenja Knappe, and Elizabeth Donley (the “NIST Chip-Scale Atomic Device Team”) were honored "for their work in Foundational Technology for their research and development program for ultraminiature devices. Their work brings the precision associated with atomic clocks to a wide range of applications, from time-keeping to magnetometry to medical imaging. The team demonstrates extraordinary scientific leadership, innovation, and people leadership in combining the diverse technical fields of laser physics, atomic physics, and microelectromechnical systems (MEMS) to pioneer new measurement science and technologies.”
Patent Not Pending
U.S. Patent number 8,543,356 – Low cost multi-channel data acquisition system, invented by Alan Migdall and Sergey Polyakov of the Quantum Optics Group, and Sae Woo Nam of the Quantum Electronics and Photonics Group – has been issued and assigned to NIST.
From the patent abstract: “Embodiments of the present invention provide an inexpensive and fast pulse characterization platform capable of real time operation, suitable for acquisition of single-photon data. Embodiments of the present invention include both a digital multi-channel data acquisition instrument and an analog pulse acquisition instrument suitable for a wide range of applications in physics laboratories. An FPGA performs multi-channel acquisition in real time, time stamps single events, and determines if the events fit a predetermined signature, which causes the events to be categorized as a coincidence. The indications of coincidences are then communicated to a host computer for further processing as desired.”
By Invitation Only
A special invited issue of The Bulletin of the Materials Research Society (October 2013) is devoted to “Materials issues for quantum computation.” It features an article titled “Surface science for improved ion traps” and written by researchers from the Time and Frequency Division and the Quantum Electronics and Photonics Division: Dustin Hite, Yves Colombe, Andrew C. Wilson, David Allcock, Dietrich Leibfried, David Wineland, and David Pappas.
Annual NRI Review Completed
The NRI (Nanoelectronics Research Initiative) Annual Review, held October 22 -24 in Rockville, MD, was an upbeat affair, with all three NIST-NRI multi-university research centers presenting exciting new technical results obtained in their first seven months of operation. The Center for NanoFerroic Devices (CNFD) reported advances in magnetoelectric and ferroelectric materials and device structures -- advances toward combining the functions of logic and non-volatile memory in a single low-power device. The Southwest Academy of Nanoelectronics (SWAN) and the Institute for Nanoelectronics Discovery and Exploration (INDEX) reported complimentary advances in graphene materials and device structures -- advances supporting the development of new devices for fast, ultra-low-power digital logic. Another highlight of the review was the Device Performance Benchmarking Workshop, which included a free-wheeling discussion of additional metrics and methodologies for an expanded assessment of exploratory device concepts under both the NRI program and the Semiconductor Research Corporation's new STARnet program. NRI is a consortium of leading semiconductor companies (Globalfoundries, IBM, Intel, Micron, and Texas Instruments) working with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to collaboratively fund university research.
Around the Lab
As of Oct. 1, the new Leader of the Sensor Science Division’s Optical Radiation Group is Cameron Miller, replacing Eric Shirley.
Michael Foss-Feig, a postdoc who splits his time between NIST and the Joint Quantum Institute, is featured in the Autumn 2013 issue of National Academy of Science’s Research Associateship Program newsletter. Recently Foss-Feig won the received the 2013 American Physical Society Award for Outstanding Doctoral Thesis Research in Atomic, Molecular, or Optical Physics.
University of Colorado undergraduate researcher Johnathon Gard, who has been working with the Quantum Devices Group in Boulder in the Professional Research Experience Program, submitted a paper he wrote about his research to an internal CU competition for student work that has been judged “excellent” in the university’s Writing on Science and Society Program. His paper was awarded second place. Says Dave Rudman, leader of the Quantum Devices Group: “If you see Johnathon, congratulate him. The world can use more scientists who can write.”
Jin Named to DOE Advisory Panel
“These individuals represent some of the best and brightest in their respective fields and it is a great privilege that they have agreed to offer their expertise to the Energy Department,” Secretary Moniz stated in a DOE news release. “Having a diverse set of voices around the table will ensure that the Department has a strategic approach to the nation’s energy, science, nuclear security, and environmental stewardship future.”
Fellowship for Lehman
John Lehman of the Quantum Electronics and Photonics Division has been awarded a Special Research Fellowship by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, administered by the German government to bring distinguished international researchers to Germany for extended periods. Lehman’s nine-month research fellowship will begin November 1, 2013.
A multi-unit NIST collaboration has yielded a patent ("Nanofabrication Process and Nanodevice”) for a novel 3D nanofluidic device. Michael Gaitan of PML’s Semiconductor and Dimensional Metrology Division, Samuel M. Stavis of the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, and Elizabeth Strychalski of the Material Measurement Laboratory’s Biosystems and Biomaterials Division devised the complex nanostructure fabrication resulting in the first 3D nanofluidic device for on-chip, high-resolution, high-range, high-throughput nanoparticle sorting and metrology. Anticipated uses include manufacturing, medicine, and DNA analysis, among others.