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Enabling Nanotechnology from Discovery to Manufacture (+$6 million)
The United States faces dramatic changes in manufacturing, with production using nanoscale components and processes expected to be a dominant factor in the 21st century. The promise of U.S. investment and innovation in nanotechnology can only be realized if the necessary infrastructure of measurement methods and standards is available to safely produce superior nanotechnology products.
Products built from nanoscale components—a thousand times thinner than a human hair—require entirely new ways to accurately quantify their properties and determine their sizes, shapes, and chemical composition. Moreover, there is an urgent need to improve understanding and measurement of nanomaterials to ensure safe handling and protection against potential health or environmental hazards that may be posed by specific types of these materials.
Proposed NIST Program
In FY 2007, NIST began a major initiative to address the measurement barriers hindering rapid development of nanotechnologies. A new NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology has been established that combines both research and a state-of-the-art nanofabrication and nanometrology user facility.
The research initiatives newly proposed in FY 2008 will build on recent NIST advances in nanoscale science and technology by:
NIST work in this area should help to: