Measurement Standards and Measurement Technology To Support Innovation in Healthcare (+10 FTE, +$9,000,000)
Across the healthcare system—from research to diagnosis and treatment to electronic medical records—reliable measurement tools and effective standards underpin efforts to rein in costs and speed clinical applications of new discoveries. Even though about 70 percent of healthcare decisions are based on results of clinical laboratory tests, internationally recognized reference methods and materials exists for only about 10 percent of the 700 most routinely run tests. For example, quantitative benchmark references do not exist for X-rays, MRI, and other medical imaging technologies, that account for about $50 billion in annual healthcare expenditures.
Proposed NIST Program
NIST aims to eliminate measurement-related barriers that can impede the translation of expanding knowledge of health and disease into practical, cost-effective, preventive, diagnostic, or therapeutic benefits. Under this proposed initiative, NIST will:
Improvements in the accuracy and precision of clinical and diagnostic measurements and in technologies for accurately and reliably quantifying and comparing features in medical images will: