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You searched on: Author: Brian Zimmerman

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1. Impact of recent change in NIST standard for 18F on the relative response of 68Ge-based mock syringe dose calibrator standards
Published: 7/16/2015
Authors: Brian Edward Zimmerman, Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna
Abstract: As a result of a recent change in the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) activity standard for 18F, we have determined new relative response ratios for a 68Ge solid epoxy mock syringe source used in activity calibrators as a long-l ...

2. Determination of photon emission probabilities for the main gamma-rays of 223Ra in equilibrium with its progeny
Published: 3/11/2015
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Brian Edward Zimmerman, Ryan P Fitzgerald, Lynne Emily King, Jeffrey T Cessna, Denis E Bergeron
Abstract: The currently published 223Ra gamma-ray emission probabilities display a wide variation in the values depending on the source of the data. The National Institute of Standards and Technology performed activity measurements on a 223Ra solution that was ...

3. Secondary standards for 223Ra revised
Published: 3/5/2015
Authors: Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna, Brian Edward Zimmerman
Abstract: Dose calibrator dial settings reported by NIST in 2010 (ARI v. 68, p. 1367) are now known to give erroneously low (by 10 %) activity readings. The original determinations were based on a chain of calibrations; a broken link in this chain was recentl ...

4. A review of NIST primary activity standards for 18F: 1982 to 2013
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Published: 8/27/2014
Authors: Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna, Bert M Coursey, Ryan P Fitzgerald, Brian Edward Zimmerman
Abstract: The new NIST activity standardization for 18F differs from results obtained between 1998 and 2008 by 4 %. The new results are considered to be very reliable; they are based on a battery of robust primary measurement techniques and bring the NIST sta ...

5. Dose calibrator manufacturer-dependent bias in assays of 123I
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna, Daniel Benjamin Golas, Rheannan K Young, Brian Edward Zimmerman
Abstract: Calibration factors for commercial ionization chambers (i.e. dose calibrators) were determined for a solution of 123I; the activity was based on the 1976 NBS standard. A link between the NIST standard and the International Reference System (SIR) was ...

6. A New NIST Primary Standardization of 18F
Published: 2/1/2014
Authors: Ryan P Fitzgerald, Brian Edward Zimmerman, Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna, Leticia S Pibida, Denise S Moreira
Abstract: A new primary standardization of 18F by NIST is reported. The standard is based on live-timed beta- gamma anticoincidence counting with confirmatory measurements by three other methods: (i) liquid scintillation (LS) counting using CIEMAT/NIST 3H e ...

7. Calibration of traceable solid mock I-131 phantoms used in an international SPECT image quantification comparison
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 118.017
Published: 8/15/2013
Authors: Brian Edward Zimmerman, Leticia S Pibida, Lynne Emily King, Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna, Matthew Merril Mille
Abstract: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has organized an international comparison to assess Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) image quantification capabilities in 12 countries. Iodine-131 was chosen as the radionuclide for ...

8. Current status and future needs for standards of radionuclides used in Positron Emission Tomography
Published: 9/23/2012
Author: Brian Edward Zimmerman
Abstract: Positron Emission Tomography is being increasingly used as a quantitative technique for detecting disease and monitoring patient progress during treatment. In order to ensure the validity of the quantitative information derived from the imaging data, ...

9. Results of an international comparison for the activity measurement of 177Lu
Published: 3/6/2012
Authors: Brian Edward Zimmerman, Denis E Bergeron, Jeffrey T Cessna
Abstract: An international Key Comparison of 177Lu has recently been carried out. Twelve laboratories performed assays for radioactivity content on aliquots of a common master solution of 177Lu, leading to eleven results submitted for entry into the Key Compar ...

10. The effect of impurities on calculated activity in the triple-to-double coincidence ratio liquid scintillation method
Published: 3/4/2012
Authors: Denis E Bergeron, Ryan P Fitzgerald, Brian Edward Zimmerman, Jeffrey T Cessna
Abstract: In the triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) method of liquid scintillation counting, unaccounted or improperly accounted impurities can result in lower-than-expected or higher-than-expected recovered activities, depending on the counting efficie ...

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