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Topic Area: Remote Sensing

Displaying records 1 to 10 of 29 records.
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1. A collection and statistical analysis of skin reflectance signatures for inherent variability over the 250 nm to 2500 nm spectral range
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 6/4/2014
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Benjamin K Tsai, David W Allen
Abstract: The spectral reflectance signature of human skin provides opportunities to advance observations ranging from medical treatment to security applications. In this study 28 volunteers participated in a skin reflectance measurement of the inside of the r ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916057

2. Remote sensing of chiral signatures on Mars
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 11/1/2012
Authors: William Sparks, James H. Hough, Thomas Avery Germer, Frank Robb, Ludmilla Kolokolova
Abstract: We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910692

3. Lunar Spectral Irradiance and radiance (LUSI): new instrumentation to characterize the Moon as a space-based radiometric standard
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 117.011
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 7/17/2012
Authors: Allan W. Smith, Steven Ray Lorentz, Raju Vsnu Datla, Thomas C. Stone
Abstract: The need to understand and monitor climate change has led to proposed radiometric accuracy requirements for space-based remote-sensing instruments that are very stringent and currently beyond the reach of many Earth orbiting instruments. A major ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903135

4. Measurement of H2O-Broadening of O2 A-band Transitions and Implications for Atmospheric Remote Sensing
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/27/2012
Authors: E. M. Vess, C. J. Wallace, H. M. Campbell, V. E. Awadalla, Joseph Terence Hodges, David A Long, D. K. Havey
Abstract: We present laboratory measurements of H2O-broadened 16O2 A-band ( ) absorption spectra acquired with a laser-based photoacoustic spectroscopy method. This absorption band is widely used in a variety of high-precision atmospheric remote sensing appli ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910528

5. An absolute cavity pyrgeometer to measure the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance with traceability to International System of Units, SI
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 3/1/2012
Authors: Ibrahim Reda, Jinan Zeng, Jonathan Scheuch, Leonard M Hanssen, Daryl Myers, Boris Wilthan, Tom Stoffel
Abstract: This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP). The ACP consists ofa domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold- plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acqu ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908379

6. Workshop on Bridging Satellite Climate Data Gaps
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 2/16/2011
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Raju Vsnu Datla
Abstract: Detecting the small signals of climate change for the most essential climate variables requires that satellite sensors make highly accurate and consistent measurements. Data gaps in the time series (such as possible launch delay or failure) or incon ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905860

7. Characterization of Two Spectrmeters in Support of the Landsat Data Continuity Mission
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 8/27/2010
Authors: Bettye C Johnson, Robert D. Saunders, Zhigang Li, Abra Fein, Lawrence Ong, Milton Hom, Robert Barnes, B L Markham
Abstract: The Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) project at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) is supervising the manufacture and calibration of the Operational Land Imager (OLI) satellite instrument ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906346

8. Report on the NIST workshop of December 10, 2009: calibration strategies for bridging possible climate data gaps
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 8/12/2010
Authors: Raju Vsnu Datla, Joseph Paul Rice, Catherine C Cooksey, Kurtis J Thome, Robert Barnes, Changyong Cao
Abstract: A one day workshop was held on December 10, 2009 at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to address the issue of data gaps in the time series of satellite measurements. Such gaps can occur due to launch delay or failure, or inconsisten ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906283

9. Comparison of Microwave Black-Body Target Radiometric Measurements
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 7/30/2010
Authors: David K Walker, Dazhen Gu, Katherine MacReynolds, Randy Direen, James Paul Randa, Amanda Cox, Derek Anderson Houtz, Robert L Billinger
Abstract: Accurate characterization of the brightness temperature (T_B) of black-body targets used for calibrating microwave remote-sensing radiometers includes many inputs: antenna pattern and loss, target temperature, target emissivity, mechanical alignment, ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906078

10. A 350-GHz high-resolution high-sensitivity passive video imaging system
Topic: Remote Sensing
Published: 4/27/2010
Authors: Daniel T Becker, James A Beall, Hsiao-Mei Cho, William Duncan, Kent D Irwin, Gene C Hilton, Robert Daniel Horansky, Peter Joseph Lowell, Michael D. Niemack, Nicholas G Paulter Jr, Carl D Reintsema, Francis Joseph Schima, Robert E Schwall, Ki W. Yoon, Peter Ade, Carole Tucker, Simon Dicker, Mark Halpern
Abstract: We are developing a 350 GHz cryogenic passive video imaging system. This demonstration system uses 800 photon-noise-limited superconducting transition edge sensor bolometers. It will image a 1 m x 1 m area at a standoff distance of 16 m to a resoluti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=905563



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