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Topic Area: Physics
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Displaying records 1 to 10 of 727 records.
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1. Optical Passive Sensor Calibration for Satellite Remote Sensing and the Legacy of NOAA and NIST Cooperation
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 119.008
Topic: Physics
Published: 6/26/2014
Authors: Raju VSNU Datla , Michael Weinreb, Joseph Paul Rice, Bettye C Johnson, Eric L Shirley, Changyong Cao
Abstract: This paper traces the cooperative effort of the scientists at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for improving the calibration of operational satellite sensors ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914026

2. Visible-frequency asymmetric transmission devices incorporating a hyperbolic metamaterial
Topic: Physics
Published: 6/17/2014
Authors: Ting Xu, Henri J Lezec
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915821

3. Large-area irradiance-mode spectral response measurements of solar cells by a light-emitting-diode- based integrating sphere source
Topic: Physics
Published: 5/30/2014
Authors: Behrang H Hamadani, John F Roller, Andrew M Shore, Brian P Dougherty, Howard W Yoon
Abstract: An irradiance-mode absolute differential spectral response measurement system based on a light emitting diode (LED) array is described. The LEDs are coupled to an integrating sphere whose output irradiance is uniform to better than 2 % over an ar ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915298

4. Optical hyperpolarization and NMR detection of ^u129^Xe on a microfluidic chip
Topic: Physics
Published: 5/20/2014
Authors: Ricardo Jimenez Martinez, Daniel J Kennedy, Michael Rosenbluh, Elizabeth A Donley, Svenja A Knappe, Scott J Seltzer, Hattie L Ring, Vikram S. Bajaj, John E Kitching
Abstract: We present a microfluidic chip that enables the production of laser-polarized 129Xe gas and its optical detection. Production of polarized 129Xe and its remote detection is achieved under flowing gas conditions at low magnetic fields in two separate ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913663

5. First Accuracy Evaluation of NIST-F2
Topic: Physics
Published: 5/1/2014
Authors: Thomas Patrick Heavner, Steven R Jefferts, Jon Hardy Shirley, Thomas Edward Parker, Elizabeth A Donley, Neil Ashby, Stephan E Barlow, Filippo Levi, Giovanni Costanzo
Abstract: We report the first accuracy evaluation of NIST-F2, a second generation laser-cooled Cesium fountain primary standard developed at NIST with a cryogenic (Liquid Nitrogen) microwave cavity and flight region. The 80 K atom interrogation environment re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914839

6. An optically-modulated zero-field atomic magnetometer with suppressed spin-exchange broadening
Topic: Physics
Published: 4/29/2014
Authors: Ricardo Jimenez Martinez, Svenja A Knappe, John E Kitching
Abstract: We implement an optically-pumped 87Rb magnetometer based on a zero-field dispersive resonance enabled by the optical modulation of the 87Rb ground state energy levels. The magnetometer is operated in the spin-exchange relaxation-free regime where hig ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914207

7. Time-resolved double-slit interference pattern measurement with entangled photons
Topic: Physics
Published: 4/28/2014
Authors: Lynden Krister Shalm, Thomas Jennewein, Kevin Resch, Piotr Kolenderski, Carmelo Scarcella, Kelsey D. Johnsen Johnsen, Deny Hamel, Cahterine Holloway, Simone Tisa, Alberto Tosi
Abstract: The double-slit experiment strikingly demonstrates the wave-particle duality of quantum objects. In this famous experiment, particles pass one-by-one through a pair of slits and are detected on a distant screen. A distinct wave-like pattern emerg ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913512

8. Sensor Calibration and Characterization to Meet Climate Monitoring Requirements
Topic: Physics
Published: 4/24/2014
Authors: Catherine C Cooksey, Gerald T Fraser, Howard W Yoon
Abstract: The challenge of detecting small changes in the Earth's climate system over decadal and longer time scales places stringent requirements on environmental monitoring systems. Sensors must be well calibrated and maintain their calibration in challengin ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915271

9. Preparation of nanocomposite plasmonic films made from cellulose nanocrystals or mesoporous silica decorated with unidirectionally aligned gold nanorods
Topic: Physics
Published: 4/11/2014
Authors: Michael Campbell, Qingkun Liu, Aric Warner Sanders, Julian Evans, Ivan I. Smalyukh
Abstract: Using liquid crystalline self-assembly of cellulose nanocrystals, we achieve long-range alignment of anisotropic metal nanoparticles in colloidal nanocrystal dispersions that are then used to deposit thin structured films with ordering features h ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915636

10. The hyperfine Paschen-Back Faraday effect
Topic: Physics
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Svenja A Knappe, M.A. Zentile, Rebecca Andrews, L. Weller, C.S. Adams, I.G. Hughes
Abstract: We investigate experimentally and theoretically the Faraday effect in an atomic medium in the hyperfine Paschen-Back regime, where the Zeeman interaction is larger than the hyperfine splitting. We use a small permanent magnet and a micro-fabricated ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915173



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