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You searched on: Topic Area: Environment/Climate

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 250 records.
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21. Principles of Optical Radiometry and Measurement Uncertainty
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 11/27/2014
Authors: Bettye C Johnson, Howard W Yoon, Joseph Paul Rice, Albert C Parr
Abstract: The fundamental concepts of optical radiometry are developed from basic principles, with detailed explanations for radiance, irradiance, and reflectance. Examples of radiometric standards, in particular radiometers and reference sources are given, an ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915699

22. Phase-Sensitive Detection of Spin Pumping via the ac Inverse Spin Hall Effect
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 10/6/2014
Authors: Thomas J Silva, Justin M Shaw, Hans Toya Nembach, Mathias A. Weiler
Abstract: Sources of pure spin currents are a fundamental building block of spintronic devices. In ferromagnet/normal metal heterostructures, spin currents are generated at ferromagnetic resonance. This is known as spin pumping, where spin currents of both ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915317

23. A pilot interlaboratory comparison of protocols that simulate aging of nanocomposites and detect released fragments
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 10/1/2014
Authors: Wendel Wohlleben, Deborah L Stanley, Justin M Gorham, Li Piin Sung, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: The safe use of nanocomposites depends, in part, on a good understanding of the fate of nanofillers throughout the nanocomposite,s lifecycle. Various modifications of ISO weathering protocols have been proposed to assess what is released and at which ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=916125

24. Dielectric characterization by microwave cavity perturbation corrected for non-uniform fields
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 7/23/2014
Authors: Nathan D Orloff, Jan Obrzut, Christian J Long, Thomas F. Lam, James C Booth, David R Novotny, James Alexander Liddle, Pavel Kabos
Abstract: The non-uniform fields that occur due to the slot in the cavity through which the sample is inserted and those due to the sample geometry itself decrease the accuracy of dielectric characterization by cavity perturbation at microwave frequencies. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915011

25. Effects of Temperature on Surface Accumulation and Release of Silica Nanoparticles in an Epoxy Nanocoating Exposed to UV Radiation
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 6/16/2014
Authors: Chun-Chieh Tien, Ching-Hsuan Chang, Bernard Hao-Chih Liu, Deborah L Stanley, Savelas A Rabb, Lee Lijian Yu, Tinh Nguyen, Li Piin Sung
Abstract: Polymer nanocoatings are increasingly used outdoors and in harsh environments. However, because most common polymers degraded by the weathering elements, nanoparticles in polymer nanocoatings may be released into the environments. Such nanoparticle r ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915955

26. Low carrier density epitaxial graphene devices on SiC
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 6/1/2014
Authors: Yanfei Yang, Lung-I Huang, Yasuhiro Fukuyama, Fan-Hung Liu, Mariano Real, Paola Barbara, Chi-Te Liang, David B Newell, Randolph E Elmquist
Abstract: Monolayer epitaxial graphene grown on a hexagonal silicon carbide (SiC) substrate is typically found to be heavily n-doped (~10e13 cm-2) and in most devices made with the as-grown epitaxial graphene the quantized Hall resistance plateau with Landau l ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915601

27. Optical volumetric inspection of sub-20 nm patterned defects with wafer noise
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/2/2014
Authors: Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Martin Y Sohn, Hui Zhou, Richard M Silver, Andras Vladar, Abraham Arceo
Abstract: We have previously introduced a new data analysis method that more thoroughly utilizes scattered optical intensity data collected during defect inspection using bright-field microscopy. This volumetric approach allows conversion of focus resolved 2-D ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915807

28. Comment on ŠDetection of Microwave Spin Pumping Using the Inverse Spin Hall EffectŠ
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 1/27/2014
Authors: Thomas J Silva, Mathias A. Weiler, Hans Toya Nembach, Justin M Shaw
Abstract: In a recent Letter, Hahn et al. reported on the detection of an ac voltage in a yttrium iron garnet (YIG)/platinum (Pt) bilayer under the condition of parametrically excited resonance. The authors observe an ac voltage at the frequency of the magneti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=915355

29. Rapid Growing Clay Coatings to Ruduce the Fire Threat of Furniture
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 1/14/2014
Authors: Yeon Seok Kim, Yu-Chin Li, William M Pitts, Rick D Davis
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914830

30. Corrosion Detection in Concrete Rebars Using a Spectroscopic Technique
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 1/11/2014
Authors: Edward Joseph Garboczi, Paul E Stutzman, Shuangzhen S. Wang, Nicos Martys, Dat Duthinh, Virgil Provenzano, Shin G. Chou, David F Plusquellic, Jack T Surek, Sung Kim, Robert D McMichael, Mark D Stiles, Ahmed M. Hassan
Abstract: Detecting the early corrosion of steel in reinforced concrete is a goal that has been much pursued. Since 2010, NIST has been working on a large project to develop an electromagnetic (EM) probe that detects the actual corrosion products via spectrosc ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914553



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