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Topic Area: Environment/Climate

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 447 records.
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31. Fabricating HD-2(Fe) type Gas Proportional Counters: A Practical Guide to Techniques, Procedures and Operations
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7936
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 6/5/2013
Authors: George A Klouda, Jeffrey R. Anderson, John E Fuller III
Abstract: Over the last eight years, gas (filled) proportional counters (GPCs) of the HD-2(Fe) type (Davis et al., 1968, 1972; Wink et al., 1993) have been fabricated at NIST through a collaboration of the Materials Measurement Science Division, Facility f ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912498

32. Results from the International Halocarbons in Air Comparison Experiment (IHALACE)
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 6/1/2013
Authors: Bradley Hall, George C Rhoderick, A Engel, J. Muhle, J. W. Elkins, F. Artuso, E. Atlas, M. Aydin, D. Blake, E. G. Brunke, S. Chiavarini, P. J. Fraser, J. Happell, P. B. Krummel, I. Levin, M. Loewenstein, M. Malone, S. A. Montzka, S. O'Doherty, S. Reimann, E. S. Saltzman, H. E. Scheel, L. P. Steele, M. K. Vollmer, R. F. Weiss, D. Worthy, Y. Yokouchi
Abstract: The International Halocarbons in Air Comparison Experiment (IHALACE) was conducted to document relationships between calibrations scales among various laboratories that measure atmospheric greenhouse and ozone depleting gases. Six stainless steel cyl ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914533

33. All-angle negative refraction and active flat lensing of ultraviolet light
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 5/22/2013
Authors: Ting Xu, Amit Kumar Agrawal, Maxim Abashin, Kenneth John Chau, Henri J Lezec
Abstract: The ability of a left-handed medium to sustain backwards electromagnetic waves leads to counter-intuitive phenomena such as negative refraction. We report the experimental implementation of a three-dimensional negative-index metamaterial operating at ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911161

34. Investigation of NaY Zeolite with Adsorbed CO2 by Neutron Powder Diffraction
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 5/17/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Qingzhen Huang, Laura Espinal, Lan (Lan) Li, Jacob W Burress
Abstract: The crystal structure of dehydrated NaY zeolite (Na-FAU structure type) with and without adsorbed CO2 has been determined at 4K and at room temperature (RT) using neutron powder diffraction techniques. The CO2-containing sample was prepared at -78 °C ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912138

35. Enhancing 9 nm Node Dense Patterned Defect Optical Inspection using Polarization, Angle, and Focus
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/10/2013
Authors: Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Martin Y Sohn, Hui H. Zhou, Abraham Arceo
Abstract: To measure the new SEMATECH 9 nm node Intentional Defect Array (IDA) and subsequent small, complex defects, a methodology has been used to exploit the rich information content generated when simulating or acquiring several images of sub-wavelength-si ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913542

36. Flexible Metal Organic Framework Compound, Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]n, for CO2 Sorption Applications
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/7/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Laura Espinal, Andrew John Allen, Daniel W Siderius, Craig Brown, Wendy Queen, Peter Zavalij, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: New sorbent materials are required for carbon capture because coal-fired electrical power plants, the largest emitters of this greenhouse gas, will continue to produce much of our nation‰s electricity for at least several decades. Within the family o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912660

37. Improved Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Flexible Pillared Layer Porous Coordination Polymer: Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/4/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Peter Zavalij, Laura Espinal, Daniel W Siderius, Andrew John Allen, Steve Scheins, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: A new method of synthesis was developed for the flexible coordination polymer Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], L=1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpene) to increase its CO2 sorption uptake. The structure of the newly synthesized bpene has been determined by synchrotron X ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912264

38. 3-D Optical Metrology of Finite sub-20 nm Dense Arrays using Fourier Domain Normalization
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Jing Qin, Hui H. Zhou, Bryan M Barnes, Ronald G Dixson, Richard M Silver
Abstract: Reduced target dimensions requiring improved resolution and sensitivity have driven the need to use and analyze the phase and scattered frequency information available when using image-based scatterometry systems. One such system is scatterfield micr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912961

39. SCATTERFIELD MICROSCOPY, REVIEW OF TECHNIQUES THAT PUSH THE FUNDAMENTAL LIMITS OF OPTICAL DEFECT METROLOGY
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Richard M Silver, Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Hui H. Zhou, Martin Y Sohn
Abstract: The semiconductor manufacturing industry is now facing serious challenges in achieving defect detection rates with acceptable throughput and accuracy. With conventional bright-field and dark- field inspection methods now at their limits, it has b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913246

40. Very high laser-damage threshold of polymer-derived Si(B)CN-carbon nanotube composite coatings
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/19/2013
Authors: Romil Bhandavat, Ari D Feldman, Christopher L Cromer, John H Lehman, Gurpreet Singh
Abstract: We study the laser irradiance behavior and resulting structural evolution of polymer-derived silicon −boron−carbonitride (Si(B)CN) functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite spray coatings on copper substrate. We report ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911376



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