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Topic Area: Environment/Climate

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 444 records.
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31. Investigation of NaY Zeolite with Adsorbed CO2 by Neutron Powder Diffraction
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 5/17/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, James A. Kaduk, Qingzhen Huang, Laura Espinal, Lan (Lan) Li, Jacob W Burress
Abstract: The crystal structure of dehydrated NaY zeolite (Na-FAU structure type) with and without adsorbed CO2 has been determined at 4K and at room temperature (RT) using neutron powder diffraction techniques. The CO2-containing sample was prepared at -78 °C ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912138

32. Enhancing 9 nm Node Dense Patterned Defect Optical Inspection using Polarization, Angle, and Focus
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/10/2013
Authors: Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Martin Y Sohn, Hui H. Zhou, Abraham Arceo
Abstract: To measure the new SEMATECH 9 nm node Intentional Defect Array (IDA) and subsequent small, complex defects, a methodology has been used to exploit the rich information content generated when simulating or acquiring several images of sub-wavelength-si ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913542

33. Flexible Metal Organic Framework Compound, Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]n, for CO2 Sorption Applications
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/7/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Laura Espinal, Andrew John Allen, Daniel W Siderius, Craig Brown, Wendy Queen, Peter Zavalij, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: New sorbent materials are required for carbon capture because coal-fired electrical power plants, the largest emitters of this greenhouse gas, will continue to produce much of our nation‰s electricity for at least several decades. Within the family o ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912660

34. Improved Synthesis and Crystal Structure of the Flexible Pillared Layer Porous Coordination Polymer: Ni(1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene)[Ni(CN)4]
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 4/4/2013
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Jeffrey T Culp, Yu Sheng Chen, Peter Zavalij, Laura Espinal, Daniel W Siderius, Andrew John Allen, Steve Scheins, Christopher Matranga
Abstract: A new method of synthesis was developed for the flexible coordination polymer Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4], L=1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpene) to increase its CO2 sorption uptake. The structure of the newly synthesized bpene has been determined by synchrotron X ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912264

35. 3-D Optical Metrology of Finite sub-20 nm Dense Arrays using Fourier Domain Normalization
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Jing Qin, Hui H. Zhou, Bryan M Barnes, Ronald G Dixson, Richard M Silver
Abstract: Reduced target dimensions requiring improved resolution and sensitivity have driven the need to use and analyze the phase and scattered frequency information available when using image-based scatterometry systems. One such system is scatterfield micr ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912961

36. SCATTERFIELD MICROSCOPY, REVIEW OF TECHNIQUES THAT PUSH THE FUNDAMENTAL LIMITS OF OPTICAL DEFECT METROLOGY
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/25/2013
Authors: Richard M Silver, Bryan M Barnes, Francois R. Goasmat, Hui H. Zhou, Martin Y Sohn
Abstract: The semiconductor manufacturing industry is now facing serious challenges in achieving defect detection rates with acceptable throughput and accuracy. With conventional bright-field and dark- field inspection methods now at their limits, it has b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913246

37. Very high laser-damage threshold of polymer-derived Si(B)CN-carbon nanotube composite coatings
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/19/2013
Authors: Romil Bhandavat, Ari D Feldman, Christopher L Cromer, John H Lehman, Gurpreet Singh
Abstract: We study the laser irradiance behavior and resulting structural evolution of polymer-derived silicon −boron−carbonitride (Si(B)CN) functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite spray coatings on copper substrate. We report ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911376

38. Alkali-Silica Reaction Degradation of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures: A Scoping Study
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7937
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/11/2013
Authors: Kenneth Alan Snyder, Hai Sang Lew
Abstract: Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is a concrete degradation phenomenon in which the alkalis that are typically found in concrete react with certain amorphous or micro-crystalline siliceous phases in the aggregate and, in the presence of moisture, form ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913633

39. Hydrated phases and pore solution composition in cement-solidified saltstone waste forms
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 3/8/2013
Authors: Kenneth Alan Snyder, Paul E Stutzman, Jacob Philip, David W. Esh
Abstract: The mineral phases and pore solution composition of hydrated cement-solidified saltstone waste forms are quantified using thermogravimetric analysis, quantitative X-ray diffraction, and inductively-coupled plasma. The results suggest that, after 6 m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912681

40. Discriminating the states of matter in metallic nanoparticle transformations: What are we missing?
Topic: Environment/Climate
Published: 2/20/2013
Authors: John M Pettibone, Julien C. Gigault, Vincent A Hackley
Abstract: A limiting factor in assessing the risk of current and emerging nanomaterials in biological and environmental systems is the ability to accurately detect and characterize their size, shape and composition in broad distributions and complex media. Asy ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913009



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