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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 520 records.
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21. Roadmap for Developing Measurement Science for Predicting the Service Life of Polymers Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7971
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 2/24/2014
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912832

22. A Detailed Failure Analysis Examination of the Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cu TSV Reliability
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Chukwudi Azubuike Okoro, June Waiyin Lau, Yaw S Obeng, Klaus Hummler
Abstract: In this work, a detailed failure analysis of the physical root cause for the increase in electrical resistance and radio-frequency (RF) transmission coefficient of through-silicon via (TSV) daisy chain was investigated. Six different failure modes we ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913115

23. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914809

24. Impact of UV Irradiation on the Surface Chemistry and Structure of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Nanocomposites
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/6/2013
Authors: Elijah J Petersen, Thomas Fung Lam, Justin M Gorham, Keana C K Scott, Christian John Long, Deborah L Stanley, Renu Sharma, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: One of the most promising applications of nanomaterials is as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of nanofillers on polymers subject to typical environmental stresses, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913865

25. What's in a Name
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/4/2013
Author: Ursula R Kattner
Abstract: In the early days of alloy phase diagrams phases were named using Greek letters in unary systems, from lower temperatures to higher temperatures, and in binary systems from the left to the right hand side of the system. This convenient conventio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914826

26. Airbrushed Nanofiber Scaffolds Support Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Differentiation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2013
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr, Wojtek J Tutak, Sumona Sarkar, Tanya M. Farooque, Jyotsnendu (Jyotsnendu) Giri, Dongbo Wang, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Nanofiber scaffolds are effective for tissue engineering since they emulate the fibrous nanostructure of native extracellular matrix (ECM). Although electrospinning has been the most common approach for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds, airbrushi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912293

27. Elasticity and rigidity percolation in networks of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes on flexible substrates
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/29/2013
Authors: John M. Harris, JiYeon Huh, Matthew R Semler, Christopher M Stafford, Steven D Hudson, Jeffrey A Fagan, Erik K Hobbie
Abstract: Wrinkles and folds in compressed thin films of type-purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates are used to study the mechanical response of pristine nanotube networks. While the low-strain plateau moduli ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=914147

28. Evaluating Fire Blocking Performance of Barrier Fabrics
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/15/2013
Authors: Shonali Nazare, William M Pitts, Shaun M. Flynn, John R Shields, Rick D Davis
Abstract: The purpose of fire blocking barrier materials is to reduce the flammability of soft furnishings ( mattresses and upholstered furniture) by preventing or delaying direct flame impingement from open flames and/or heat transfer from smoldering igniti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913773

29. Swelling of Ultrathin Molecular Layer-by-Layer Polyamide Water Desalination Membranes
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/30/2013
Authors: Edwin P Chan, Allison P Young, Jung-Hyun Lee, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: The water vapor swelling behavior of ultrathin crosslinked aromatic polyamide films, synthesized via molecular layer-by-layer deposition, is characterized via specular X-ray reflectivity. The results show that these films expand only along the thickn ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913915

30. Strong Casimir force reduction by metallic surface nanostructuring
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 9/27/2013
Authors: Francesco Intravaia, Stefan T. Koev, Il Woong Jung, Albert A. Talin, Paul S Davids, Ricardo Decca, Vladimir A Aksyuk, Diego A. R. Dalvit, Daniel Lopez
Abstract: The Casimir force is a quantum-mechanical interaction arising from vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic (EM) field and is technologically significant in micro- and nanomechanical systems. Despite rapid progress in nanophotonics, the goal of e ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910133



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