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Physics Portal - Overview

Physics research at NIST includes everything from improving the safety of medical radiation procedures to developing future "quantum information" technologies that generate unbreakable codes. NIST provides the measurements, standards, and technical expertise scientists and industries need to push the limits of the fundamental properties of nature.

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Programs and Projects
Precision Measurement Grants Program

Since 1970, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded Precision Measurement Grants to faculty members of U.S. … more

Applied spectroradiometry and imaging metrology

Spectroradiometers are widely used for acquiring colorimetric, photometric, and radiometric quantities with a single measurement for a variety of … more

Solid-state lighting metrology

With the rise of new, energy-efficient solid-state lighting (SSL) systems has come the need for new performance metrics and measurement methods to … more

Hydrogen Generation in Di-Iron Hydrogenase Mimics

Discovery of novel materials to facilitate hydrogen gas production has prompted new avenues of research towards developing hydrogen as an … more

Far-infrared Spectroscopy of Biomolecules

Far-infrared (or terahertz/THz, ca. 25 to 300 micron wavelength) femtosecond pulsed laser and Fourier-transform infrared methods are employed to … more

Quantum

Quantum science and engineering has the potential to revolutionize 21st century technology in much the same way that lasers, electronics, and … more

Instruments
Transfer spectrophotometer

A Perkin-Elmer Lambda 1050 spectrophotometer is used to complement the reference instruments. It performs this function by measuring samples … more

Reference transmittance spectrophotometer

The Reference Transmittance Spectrophotometer (RTS) is the national reference instrument for regular spectral transmittance measurements of … more

STARR

STARR is the national reference instrument for spectral reflectance measurements of spectrally neutral, non-fluorescent samples at room … more

Continuous-wave terahertz spectrometer

The continuous-wave terahertz spectrometer makes use of two near-infrared lasers. The first laser is a fixed-frequency cw ring Ti:Saph laser … more

Ultrafast Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging

Three independent femtosecond laser systems are used for generating ultrafast pulses in the mid-IR (and Terahertz(THz) spectral regions through … more

Primary optical watt radiometer (POWR) facility

POWR is a cryogenic electrical substitution radiometer that serves as the Nation's optical power reference. more

Software
NIST's Integrated colony enumerator (NICE)

Enumeration of bacterial colonies on an agar plate is simple in concept, but automated colony counting is difficult due to variations in colony … more

jb95 Spectral fitting program

A graphical user interface program, JB95 , based on a Windows 95 © API platform has been written in the C programming language to aid in the … more

Electron holography

An electron hologram is a fringe modulated image containing the amplitude and phase information of an electron transparent object. The HolograFREE … more

SCATMECH

SCATMECH is an object-oriented C++ class library developed to distribute models for light scattering applications. Included in the library are … more

Modeled integrated scattering tool (MIST)

The MIST program has been developed to provide users with a general application to model an integrated scattering system. The program performs an … more

Noncollinear phase matching in uniaxial and biaxial crystals

Although significant work has been done to characterize collinear phase matching and to present many of its applications, noncollinear phase … more

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